ADAPTING EDUCATIONAL SERVICES TO LABOR MARKET
Dragolea L., Achim M.I., Căbulea L., Popa M.
Abstract: We are living in a society in which services are characterized by great expansion, mobility and adaptability to market requirements. The purpose of this article is to present the necessity of adapting educational services, namely those in the sphere of higher education, to the labour market and in particular the manner in which the requirements of the labour market are currently well understood and fulfilled by universities. The most accessible and effective way to start the process of correlating students` skills with market requirements is to facilitate internships for students at the employers. This research has been carried out among the students in the fields of economics at the „1 Decembrie 1918” University of Alba Iulia, following the completion of their last internship (July 2013) and among the economic operators, partners in the completion of internships.
Key words: educational services, labor market, internship, students.
The statistics regarding the rate of unemployment indicate worrying figures as regards the proportion of graduates in the total number of unemployed persons.
Although thousands of graduates are currently reported by universities annually in Romania, their absorption on the labour market is reduced, while the demands of employers can not be covered. Just like in the case of the previous example, dozens of other specializations are in high demand on the labour market, but vacant jobs still remain unoccupied.
The main reasons for this are the total lack of adjustment of educational services to the labour market demands, the low emphasis placed on the acquisition of practical skills, failing to update the information and teaching methods, the loss in some cases of the contact with employers and their requirements, as well as the superficial treatment of internships.
In order to prevent the possible negative effects caused by the somewhat superficial treatment of internships, the „1 Decembrie 1918” University of Alba Iulia has shaped a strategy regarding this process. In this respect, given the openness and receptivity manifested by the economic operators, in the last few years the students in the fields of economics, to whom I will refer in this article, enjoy the possibility of carrying out some internships in the best possible conditions, in all respects.
Thus, from the very first year of study they are assigned to local economic operators, based on their personal options, for the completion of their internship. It has a duration of 2 to 3 weeks, and it can be extended with the consent of the parties, with the possibility that at the end of their internship or period of studies, those students will remain or return to that establishment as employees.
This cooperation agreement is initialed by a document known as Framework Agreement on the Internship Completion. Students receive during their internship period the quality of `interns`. The Framework Agreement establishes the framework in which the internship will be organized and carried out by students with a view to strengthening their theoretical knowledge and helping them acquire skills, in order to use them in accordance with the specialisation studied by them.
The internship agreement defines the students` status during the completion of their internship, specifies the duration, and the responsibilities of both interns and internship partners.
Achim M.I., Dragolea L., Kadar M., Căbulea L., 2013, The internships held through European projects a possible first step in managing the youths’ own career, „Polish Journal of Management Studies” 7.
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ID Internal documents that served at writing the project.
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DOSTOSOWYWANIE USŁUG EDUKACYJNYCH DO RYNKU PRACY
Streszczenie: Żyjemy w społeczeństwie, w którym usługi charakteryzują się dużą ekspansją, mobilnością i zdolnością adaptacji do wymagań rynku. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie konieczności dostosowania usług edukacyjnych, czyli tych, w sferze szkolnictwa wyższego, do rynku pracy w szczególności w sposób, w jaki wymogi rynku pracy są obecnie dobrze znane i wypełniane przez uczelnie wyższe. Najbardziej dostępnym i skutecznym sposobem, aby rozpocząć proces korelowania umiejętności studentów z wymogami rynku jest ułatwienie studentom staży u pracodawców.
Niniejsze badanie przeprowadzone zostało wśród studentów w dziedzinie ekonomii na Uniwersytecie "1 Decembrie 1918" w Alba Iulia, po zakończeniu ich ostatniego stażu (lipiec 2013 r.) i wśród podmiotów gospodarczych, partnerów w realizacji staży.
Słowa kluczowe: usługi edukacyjne, rynek pracy, staż, studenci.
摘要：我们生活在一个社会中的服务的特点是极大的扩张、流动性和对市场需求的适应性。这篇文章的目的是提出必须调整教育服务，即那些在高等教育，对劳动力市场的领域，特别是劳工市场的需求在目前好理解且充实的大学的方式。启动进程的关联学生的技能与市场需求的最方便和最有效方法是便于实习为雇主的学生。这项研究进行了学生在经济学领域'1Decembrie1918'大学的阿尔巴尤利亚，完成之后，他们的最后一个实习 （2013 年 7 月） 和经济运营商、 合作伙伴完成的实习机会。
关键词： 教育服务、 劳动力市场、 实习、 学生。