AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ROMANIA’S INTEGRATION INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ROMANIA’S INTEGRATION INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION

Abstracts > Vol 10.2

AGRICULTURAL EXPLOITATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF ROMANIAS INTEGRATION INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION
Vasile E., Grabara I.

Abstract: Rural development and, implicitly, raising the standard of living of the village inhabitants are not possible without modernizing the agricultural production which can be achieved by putting into practice the results of scientific research as well as providing a feedback to common agricultural policies. Enhanced crops of high quality and low costs are the markers of the activity in agricultural exploitations showing the profitability and competitiveness of those in the market economy. Under such circumstances, the agricultural producer also needs, beside the material means, the financial ones; therefore, combining the knowledge adequate to the technological and economic management is necessary.

Key words:
agriculture, agricultural policy, price liberalization, rural economy, agriculture reform, agricultural sector, rural environment


Introduction

The agricultural products fulfil one of the primary human necessities food, at a global scale. The level of knowledge achieved by science and technique has not discovered, yet, the alternative to agricultural products for human consumption. From this perspective, agriculture cannot be considered as a competitor neither can it be replaced by other industrial branch.
Agriculture and forestry, as major users of land, play the key-role in determining the health of rural economies as well as the health of landscapes. Agriculture brings a valuable contribution to economic growth and environment sustainability.
The agriculture of the European Union is not unidimensional as the growers can fulfills various functions starting from the production of food and fibers, the management of rural areas, preservation of nature and tourism. Therefore, we could say that agriculture has multiple functions, and Europe is both one of the main exporters as well as the greatest world importer of food products especially from the developing countries (Dima et al., 2012).
In market competition, the European agricultural sector produces by using safe methods of production, which are clean and ecological thus satisfying the requirements of the consumers (Stefanic, 1999).
Furthermore, the agricultural sector of the European Union is serving the rural community; its role being not only that of producing food but also ensuring the survival of the rural environment as a place to live in, work in and visit.

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Summary
The necessity of growing competitiveness within the agricultural sector is justified by Romania’s membership to the EU, which enhances the exposure to competition from the producers in Western Europe who have lower costs and are better positioned on the market. The individual peasants’ farms (of subsistence) are of low dimensions (1 – 5 hectares), without means of production and without money resources, thereof, under the market economy circumstances, their chances of survival are reduced if they are not supported by the State. If the support measures stipulated by the National Programme of Rural Development were combined, it would prove efficient in supporting the small agricultural communities. The Romanian farmers of subsistence and semi-subsistence have to rely on consulting services in order to produce traditional products, for example, which they can put into the market. Implementing agricultural policies means supporting the agricultural producers of all categories so that the cultivated areas can be maintained by supporting certain costs of production for the material resources necessary to current production activities, lending the producers in order to bring into being and maintain the grown species.
References
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WYKORZYTANIE ZIEMI ROLNEJ Z PERSPEKTYWY INTEGRACJI RUMUNII Z UNIĄ EUROPEJSKĄ


Streszczenie:
Rozwój obszarów wiejskich i, pośrednio, podniesienie poziomu życia mieszkańców wsi nie są możliwe bez modernizacji produkcji rolnej, która może być osiągnięta przez wprowadzenie do praktyki wyników badań naukowych, jak również dostarczenie informacji zwrotnej do wspólnej polityki rolnej. Zwiększone wysokiej jakości uprawy i niskie koszty są markerami aktywności w eksploatacji ziemi rolnej wykazującymi na rentowność i konkurencyjność tych, którzy działają w gospodarce rynkowej. W takich okolicznościach, producent rolny potrzebuje również, obok środków materialnych, te finansowe, dlatego też, niezbędne jest łączenie odpowiedniej wiedzy związanej
z zarządzaniem technologicznym i gospodarczym.


Słowa kluczowe:
rolnictwo, polityka rolna, liberalizacja cen, gospodarka rolna, reforma rolnictwa, sektor rolnictwa, środowisko wiejskie


从罗马尼亚的融入欧洲联盟的角度看农业开发

摘要:农村发展和隐式地提高村庄居民的生活水平并不是可能没有现代化的农业生产可以实现这一目标付诸实践的科学研究结果,以及提供一个共同的农业政策的反馈。增强的作物的高质量和低成本是活动的的标记显示的盈利能力和竞争力,那些在市场经济中的农业开发中。在这种情况下,农业生产者还需要,旁边的物质手段,金融部分;因此,结合适当的技术和经济管理知识是必要的。
關鍵字: 农业、 农业政策、 价格自由化、 农村经济、 农业改革、 农业部门、 农村环


 
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