Aspects of The Gender Inequality Issue in Knowledge Society Careers - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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Aspects of The Gender Inequality Issue in Knowledge Society Careers

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ASPECTS OF THE GENDER INEQUALITY ISSUE IN KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY CAREERS
Irimie S., Moraru R.I., Cioca L-I., Boatcă M-E.

Abstract: Professional segregation, as a form of gender inequality persists in the labor market. The main issue with this phenomenon is gender inequality payment, with drawbacks in both individual and social evolution. Womens potential as professionals is not used at its highest level and, thus, the economic and social development is not in the right pace. Also, the additional income generated by equal payment would offer benefits for the society, as well as for its members, through the reduction of poverty rate.
As gender bias seems to be the main cause of professional segregation and unequal payment, this paper aims to study the causes and the existent situation at a global level. The comparison between European countries and the US best reflects the differences and causes of gender inequality issues in both education and labor market. Also, the paper sheds light upon unemployment as an indicator of gender equality in the workforce.

Key words: knowledge society, professional segregation, gender equality, gender bias, labor market

Introduction
„No society treats its women equally with men” was the conclusion of a United Nations Development Program report published in 1997. The declaration was made after 50 years from the approval of Human Rights, which stipulated gender, race and religion equality and forbade any form of discrimination. Nowadays, the principle of equality remains a desideratum, especially when it comes to gender equality. Women are still disadvantaged in the labor market, with financial, as well as social and professional side effects. The controversial gender inequality does not miss even in the knowledge society (in essence, a society based on values and creative potential). Women meet difficulties even in domains such as ICT, where the value of the output is not related in any way to the gender of the person who generated it.
Despite the approaches made nationally and internationally, as well as through different independent institutions and organizations, professional segregation remains one of the global major concerns.

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Summary

Professional segregation represents a phenomenon largely met in the labor market, irrespective of the activity domain. The main causes are discrimination and gen biases. While during the education period, the number of girls with high achievements is larger than the number of boys, in the moment of graduation the situation turns upside down. Employers are keen to hire male graduates, regardless of whether women are appropriate or not for a certain job. Thus, women face the impossibility to work in the domain for which they studied and, as a consequence, they hardly access top management positions.
The input value of women in knowledge society consists in their capacity to be empathic, to put the human being in the center of the organization and to find the best motivation techniques to meet objectives.
There are states where women’s situation has a positive halo, especially in the case of top management positions. Russia, New Zealand and Romania are among the countries with a good representativeness at this level. Regarding unemployment rate in Romania, the number of unemployed women is lower than the number of unemployed men. If employers, along with state’s institutions, would do the necessary steps for a better professional integration of women and for work paid equally to both men and women, the desideratum of gender equality in the labor market would become a reality with considerable benefits (at individual and society level).


References


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ASPEKTY KWESTII NIERÓWNOŚCI PŁCI W KARIERACH SPOŁECZEŃSTWA OPARTEGO NA WIEDZY


Streszczenie: Segregacja zawodowa, jako forma nierówności płci utrzymuje się na rynku pracy. Głównym problemem związanym z tym zjawiskiem jest nierówność w opłacaniu pracowników różnych płci, co jest powodem nierównych szans w indywidualnej
i społecznej ewolucji. Potencjał kobiet jako fachowców nie jest wykorzystywany na najwyższym poziomie, i stąd rozwój gospodarczy i społeczny nie idzie w odpowiednim tempie. Ponadto, dodatkowy przychód wygenerowany przez jednakową zapłatę przyniósłby  korzyści zarówno dla społeczeństwa, jak i dla jego członków, poprzez zmniejszenie stopy ubóstwa.
Jako, że nierówne traktowanie ze względu na płeć wydaje się być główną przyczyną segregacji zawodowej i nierównej zapłaty za pracę, dokument ten ma na celu zbadanie przyczyn i istniejącej sytuacji na szczeblu globalnym. Porównanie krajów europejskich
i Stanów Zjednoczonych najlepiej odzwierciedla różnice i przyczyny problemów nierówności płci w zakresie kształcenia i rynku pracy. Niniejszy artykuł rzuca również światło na bezrobocie jako wskaźnik równouprawnienia płci w pracy.


Słowa kluczowe: społeczeństwo oparte na wiedzy, segregacja zawodowa, równouprawnienie płci, nierówne traktowanie ze względu na płeć, rynek pracy


在知识社会职业生涯中性别不平等问题的方面
摘要:专业的隔离,作为一种形式的性别不平等仍然存在在劳动力市场。与这一现象的主要问题是性别不平等付款,与个人和社会进化中的缺点。妇女的潜力作为专业人员不能在其最高级别使用和,因此,经济和社会发展不是正确的步伐。此外,平等支付的额外收入将提供为社会,并为其成员,通过减少贫困率的好处。性别偏见似乎是专业的隔离和不平等支付的主要原因,本文的目的是研究的原因和全球一级的存在情况。欧洲国家和美国之间的比较最好反映的差异和教育和劳动力市场的性别不平等问题的原因。此外,纸张揭示失业后作为劳动力中的性别平等指标。
关键词: 知识社会、专业的隔离、 两性平等、 劳动力市场的性别偏见




 
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