CLUSTERS AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FAMILY ENTERPRISES - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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CLUSTERS AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FAMILY ENTERPRISES

Abstracts > Vol 7

CLUSTERS AS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF FAMILY ENTERPRISES
Pypłacz P.

Abstract: The paper presents the characterization of the family enterprises in the sector of small and medium-sized enterprises (SME). The focus was on the benefits that can be derived by the enterprises from implementation of innovativeness and cooperation within clusters. The aspects of regional development stimulated by creation of clusters and elements of state support in Poland and the EU were also presented.

Keywords: family enterprise, cluster, innovation

Introduction

An important problem for both the EU and Poland, contained also in the Lisbon Strategy is to improve competitiveness and build innovative knowledge-based economy. The importance of the policies of innovativeness results primarily from the increasingly important role of the innovation in the economic growth.
More and more regions are implementing their own scientific and innovation-oriented policies whereas considerable part of interactions between enterprises and between enterprises and R&D sector occurs at the regional level. This is caused, on the one hand, by closer relationships and, on the other, by increased trust in the partners from the same region. Therefore, the concept of regional innovation systems is attracting much interest today. The regional level seem to be suitable for building innovation strategies adjusted to the specific economic and social conditions [9, p. 187], especially because the EU is involved in supporting such initiatives.
The aim of the present paper is to analyse the preconditions for cooperation of family enterprises that lead to the effective transfer of knowledge through development of innovativeness and through connecting and cooperation within clusters, created especially in the area of regions.

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Summary

The assumptions of the above mentioned Lisbon Strategy are not fully implemented in Poland. This results mainly from low level of interest of the enterprises in implementation of innovative solutions. This is caused, on the one hand, by financial hardship (particularly in the pre-commercialization phase) and by insufficient awareness of the actual benefits that can be derived from innovations.
Furthermore, there are many Polish family enterprises which do not see special values in family-run business and they often even do not consider themselves as included in this group of enterprises since they claim it does not represent a benefit to customers and external entities' perception. Therefore, the unfavourable tendencies are observed in the aspect of creation of clusters by family enterprises. It would be a pity to waste the opportunities offered by the above type of partnership, since family businesses have already the germ of clusters inherent in their form of organization: identification with their enterprise and similar enterprises.
Opportunities for development of cluster forms are offered by increased efforts taken to promote regional cluster-based policies. The support includes promotion, information and educational activities in terms of the infrastructure, land development, administration etc.
There are also dedicated tools for support, such as PARP, financed from the European Social Fund, with its project of "Training Programme for Promotion of Clustering". It promotes development of the networks of interrelated enterprises and institutions in the regions [17]. Furthermore, one partner of PARP in terms of implementation of the sectoral policies addressed to SMEs in the region is Regional Financing Institutions. A particular role in promoting innovativeness is also played by the Industrial Development Agency, which creates regional industrial parks, business incubators, centres for small manufacturing etc.  
Although an enterprise, when included in the cluster structure, becomes an element of the global networks, it remains a local structure. Furthermore, innovative activities and cooperation in the cluster does not have to be connected with the sector of high technology. Clusters should become a method for managing unique local resources in family enterprises. Including conventional areas of activities (culture, education, agriculture), clusters offer substantial opportunities for family enterprises to be present in cluster structures.

References


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KLASTRY JAKO SZANSA NA ROZWÓJ FIRM RODZINNYCH

Streszczenie: W artykule przedstawiono charakterystykę przedsiębiorstw rodzinnych w sektorze małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw (MŚP).Skupiliśmy się na korzyściach, które mogą być uzyskane przez przedsiębiorstwa z realizacji innowacyjności i współpracy w ramach klastrów. Zaprezentowano również aspekty rozwoju regionalnego stymulowane poprzez tworzenie klastrów i elementów pomocy państwa w Polsce i UE.
Słowa kluczowe: przedsiębiorstwo rodzinne, klaster, innowacyjność


 
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