CONSIDERANTIONS OF MOTIVATION IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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CONSIDERANTIONS OF MOTIVATION IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT

Abstracts > Vol 2

CONSIDERANTIONS OF MOTIVATION IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT

Constantin D.I., Kot S., Ciurea V., Bunaciu M., Grabara I. *

Abstract

The notion of public administration bears several acceptations, an activity one, of functional meaning and an organisational one. In both ways, public administration is indissolubly  connected to the state. In default of the state, there is no public administration, as this is a state activity, performed by government bodies.  This affirmation is confirmed by the stipulations of the Romanian Constitution, called public Authorities,  chapter V, titled Public Administration. The first section intended for the specialised central public administration (ministry, other central bodies), and a second section is dedicated to the local public administration (county councils, local councils,  mayors). There is no doubt that both sections refer to government bodies performing a state activity, so that the central specialised bodies of the public administration as well as the local bodies of the public administration are government bodies, and  the activity they perform is a state one.


Key words: Public management, public administration, central and local authorities.

Introduction

Analysed as an activity, public administration is a practical activity for executing the law. Due to this particularity, the public administration authorities are also known under the  name of executive government bodies, by means of which the executive power is accomplished. Thusly, the government is featured as being the public authority of the executive power, a feature referring to all public administration bodies, according to  which the government and the other public administration bodies are bound to show the Parliament the data and information it requests. From this statement, it results the government and the other public administration bodies are part of the same system  of government bodies, of the system of public administration authorities. The executive power is achieved not only by the public administration authorities, but also by other government bodies, which are not part of the system of public administration  bodies. The scope of the executive power authorities is larger than that of the public administration bodies, which form not only a component of the system of executive powers authorities.
Concurrently, public administration must not be mistaken for the executive activity either, although the bodies of public administration are named government executive bodies. Besides the public administration authorities, all other government bodies,  as well as the nongovernmental bodies or natural persons perform activities of executing the law.

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Summary

An important element in Taylor's preoccupations was the elimination of workers' previous knowledge - the conception was taken out of execution. The control must be taken from workers  and must become the prerogative and monopoly of management. By identifying the best way, management needed to translate these knowledge into rules, laws and formula and ensure that members complied with these protocols and procedures, as an addition to  their tasks, which were deemed as being relatively fixed. It was the duty of the management to choose workers with physical and mental features demanded by the tasks which this has shaped. Thusly, planning, coordinating and reintegrating the production  processes, based on the micro-division of labour, has become the responsibility of management. The scientific management has thusly attacked the workers' individual control over their work. The result was the bureaucratisation of the labour process, which  has allowed the management to gain an increased degree of control over what was performed in the worksops. The division of labour in organisation was extended until fragmenting the obligations into smaller units. This division was afterwards reinforced  by developing the piece payment system, which is the same thing as the financial compensations received for additional efforts. Thusly, the management  as well as workers could be free to enjoy the results of the maximum efficiency of works.
Taylor hoped that the principles of the scientific management shall lead to the industrial harmony, as long as the entire cake could be bigger, each enjoying a bigger slice. He believed that the scientific way ended the disputes referring to how much  people should work and what represented an equitable financial reward.
Even if many of Taylor's successors considered that the unions had a role in the organisations, for Taylor there was no room for unions in his great world. The unions regularised the financial relations between employees and employers when there were  no scientific means for regularising these market relations. This role was obviously needless under a regime of scientific rules, which he claimed to match his approaches.


References

[1]   Dima I.C., Managementul activitatii industriale, Academiei Romane, Publishing House, Bucharest, 1999.
[2]   Dima I.C., Managementul productiei, Didactica si Pedagogica, Publishing House, Bucharest, 2000.
[3]   Dima I.C., Managementul industrial, Economica Publishing House, Bucharest, 2008.
[4]   Negulescu P., Tratat de drept administrativ, vol. I, Univers Publishing House, Bucharest, 1934
[5]   Oroveanu M., Tratat de drept administrativ, Lexis Publishing House, Bucharest, 1994
[6]   Stegaroiu I., Managementul organizational,
[7]   Stegaroiu I., Economia industriei - Tratat,
[8]   Vedinas V., Drept administrativ, Universul Juridic Publishing House, Buchares, 2006

ARGUMENTACJA  ZARZADZANIA W SEKTORZE PUBLICZNYM


Streszczenie

Pojecie administrcji publicznej mozemy rozpatrywac jako dzialalnosc w sensie funkcjonalnym lub organizacyjnym. W obu przypadkach administracja publiczna jest nierozerwalnie zwiazana z panstwem. W przypadku braku panstwa nie istnieje rowniez administracja  publiczna, poniewaz zalicza sie ona do dzialalnosci panstwa wykonywanej przez organy rzadzace. Taki zapis jest ujety w postanowieniach Konstytucji Rumunii: Wladze Publiczne w rozdziale V zatytulowanym Administracja Publiczna.  Pierwszy rozdzial poswiecono  wyspecjalizowanej centralnej administracji publicznej (ministerstwo oraz inne organy centralne), drugi rozdzial jest poswiecony lokalnej administracji publicznej (wladze hrabstwa, wladze lokalne, burmistrz). Nie ma watpliwosci, ze oba rozdzialy odnosza  sie do organów rzadzacych realizujacych dzialania panstwowe, zatem centralne wyspecjalizowane organy administracji publicznej jak i lokalne organy administracji publicznej sa organami rzadzacymi i prowadzona przez nie dzialalnosc stanowi dzialalnosc  panstwowa.




 
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