CONSIDERANTIONS OF MOTIVATION IN PUBLIC MANAGEMENT
Constantin D.I., Kot S., Ciurea V., Bunaciu M., Grabara I. *
The notion of public administration bears several acceptations, an activity one, of functional meaning and an organisational one. In both ways, public administration is indissolubly connected to the state. In default of the state, there is no public administration, as this is a state activity, performed by government bodies. This affirmation is confirmed by the stipulations of the Romanian Constitution, called public Authorities, chapter V, titled Public Administration. The first section intended for the specialised central public administration (ministry, other central bodies), and a second section is dedicated to the local public administration (county councils, local councils, mayors). There is no doubt that both sections refer to government bodies performing a state activity, so that the central specialised bodies of the public administration as well as the local bodies of the public administration are government bodies, and the activity they perform is a state one.
Key words: Public management, public administration, central and local authorities.
Analysed as an activity, public administration is a practical activity for executing the law. Due to this particularity, the public administration authorities are also known under the name of executive government bodies, by means of which the executive power is accomplished. Thusly, the government is featured as being the public authority of the executive power, a feature referring to all public administration bodies, according to which the government and the other public administration bodies are bound to show the Parliament the data and information it requests. From this statement, it results the government and the other public administration bodies are part of the same system of government bodies, of the system of public administration authorities. The executive power is achieved not only by the public administration authorities, but also by other government bodies, which are not part of the system of public administration bodies. The scope of the executive power authorities is larger than that of the public administration bodies, which form not only a component of the system of executive powers authorities.
Concurrently, public administration must not be mistaken for the executive activity either, although the bodies of public administration are named government executive bodies. Besides the public administration authorities, all other government bodies, as well as the nongovernmental bodies or natural persons perform activities of executing the law.
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An important element in Taylor's preoccupations was the elimination of workers' previous knowledge -
Taylor hoped that the principles of the scientific management shall lead to the industrial harmony, as long as the entire cake could be bigger, each enjoying a bigger slice. He believed that the scientific way ended the disputes referring to how much people should work and what represented an equitable financial reward.
Even if many of Taylor's successors considered that the unions had a role in the organisations, for Taylor there was no room for unions in his great world. The unions regularised the financial relations between employees and employers when there were no scientific means for regularising these market relations. This role was obviously needless under a regime of scientific rules, which he claimed to match his approaches.
 Dima I.C., Managementul activitatii industriale, Academiei Romane, Publishing House, Bucharest, 1999.
 Dima I.C., Managementul productiei, Didactica si Pedagogica, Publishing House, Bucharest, 2000.
 Dima I.C., Managementul industrial, Economica Publishing House, Bucharest, 2008.
 Negulescu P., Tratat de drept administrativ, vol. I, Univers Publishing House, Bucharest, 1934
 Oroveanu M., Tratat de drept administrativ, Lexis Publishing House, Bucharest, 1994
 Stegaroiu I., Managementul organizational,
 Stegaroiu I., Economia industriei -
 Vedinas V., Drept administrativ, Universul Juridic Publishing House, Buchares, 2006
ARGUMENTACJA ZARZADZANIA W SEKTORZE PUBLICZNYM
Pojecie administrcji publicznej mozemy rozpatrywac jako dzialalnosc w sensie funkcjonalnym lub organizacyjnym. W obu przypadkach administracja publiczna jest nierozerwalnie zwiazana z panstwem. W przypadku braku panstwa nie istnieje rowniez administracja publiczna, poniewaz zalicza sie ona do dzialalnosci panstwa wykonywanej przez organy rzadzace. Taki zapis jest ujety w postanowieniach Konstytucji Rumunii: Wladze Publiczne w rozdziale V zatytulowanym Administracja Publiczna. Pierwszy rozdzial poswiecono wyspecjalizowanej centralnej administracji publicznej (ministerstwo oraz inne organy centralne), drugi rozdzial jest poswiecony lokalnej administracji publicznej (wladze hrabstwa, wladze lokalne, burmistrz). Nie ma watpliwosci, ze oba rozdzialy odnosza sie do organów rzadzacych realizujacych dzialania panstwowe, zatem centralne wyspecjalizowane organy administracji publicznej jak i lokalne organy administracji publicznej sa organami rzadzacymi i prowadzona przez nie dzialalnosc stanowi dzialalnosc panstwowa.