COSTS RELATED TO THE FUNCTIONS OF COMPANY LOGISTICS - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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COSTS RELATED TO THE FUNCTIONS OF COMPANY LOGISTICS

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COSTS RELATED TO THE FUNCTIONS OF COMPANY LOGISTICS

Man M., Nowicka-Skowron M.*


Abstract

Derived from the orientations of the companys general strategy, logistics focuses its generic orientations in compliance with the aimed performance level. The levels of services  must be especially defined by integrating not only the market expectations, but also the performances of the competition. Therefore, an efficient logistic system is built by starting from a clear definition of its objectives with regard to service.The  production of services which logistics is addressed to is not conveniently accomplished unless the aims have been previously set forth. (JEL: L80, D61, O21)


Key words: company logistics, logistics services, logistics costs, costs in company logistics.

Introduction


The studies performed regarding the hierarchy of the logistic priorities have highlighted that these are: compliance with the contractual terms; improvement of the transportation competitiveness; development of the computerised exchanges; deliveries faster  than those of the competition; competitiveness in the domain of stocks, decrease of costs with warehouses; development of a sub-treatment policy etc. (see figure 1).
The first four action priorities of those previously mentioned essentially influence the level of the services suggested to clients.


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Summary


The resolution of the necessitarian issues has benefited by the support of the techniques called by linear programming or dynamic programming, the method of graphs, PERT method  etc. Under a certain number of restrictions, most of these methods aim at assigning resources (for example, trucks), by optimising an economical function (e.g.: cost of distribution).
The techniques used for solving the random issues take into account the notion of risk and therefore incertitude based on the variables used (time, costs, capacity, delivery interval etc.). A value is not assigned discreetly anymore to a variable, and  a probability function features the attributes of the problem. The resolution is not accomplished anymore by an algorithm, but by a system of equations. The privileged domains of applying the random patterns are all issues including the theory of expectation  leads (managing the workshops, managing the loading or unloading points etc.). A compromise must be therefore found out, between the cost of expectations and that of means, as the loading of activities is only known randomly and the notion of stock is  similar to the expectation lead.


References

[1]   Dima I.C., Sistemul logisticii firmei, Tehnica Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania, 1997.
[2]   Dima I. C., Man M., Economia si gestiunea firmei, Economica Publishing House, Bucharest, Romania, 1999.
[3]   Zeyl, A. Organisation et gestion de la force de vente, Editions Dorganisation, Paris, France 1994.
[4]   Lacrampe, S. La logistique commercial, Editions Dorganisation, Paris, France, 1990.


KOSZTY ZWIAZANE Z FUNKCJONOWANIEM LOGISTYKI W PRZEDSIEBIORSTWIE


Streszczenie


Z ogolnej strategii przedsiebiorstw wynika, ze logistyka skupia sie na kierunkach zgodnie z ktorymi ustalone sa cele na poziomie wykonawczym. Poziom uslug musi byc szczegolnie okreslony poprzez integracje nie tylko z oczekiwaniami rynku, ale takze stosownie  z wynikami konkurencji. Dlatego efektywny system logistyczny jest budowany poczawszy od jasnego zdefiniowania celow w zakresie uslug. Swiadczenie uslug powiazanych z logistyka nie jest wiec latwym przedsiewzieciem, chyba ze uprzednio zostanie dobrze zorganizowane  i ustalone.


 
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