DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES AND THEIR IMPACT ON HUMAN RESOURCES - EMPLOYMENT IN SLOVAKIA - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES AND THEIR IMPACT ON HUMAN RESOURCES - EMPLOYMENT IN SLOVAKIA

Abstracts > Vol 5

DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES AND THEIR IMPACT ON HUMAN RESOURCES - EMPLOYMENT IN SLOVAKIA
Rastislav Kotulič

Abstract: One of the prerequisites for the creation of employment opportunities is the overall condition of the economy, however, this prerequisite is not the only one required for the guarantee of the increase of employment. Factors influencing the employment rate are connected to the entrepreneurial environment, which is one of the basic factors of creation of work opportunities in the market economy. In the future, the growth of the employment rate will be connected to the quality of the work force as well as of the renewed economic-political concept with a priority on the knowledge economy based on the learning competence.

Key words:
Employment. Structure of Employment.
JEL Codes: M54, E24

Introduction

Slovakia belongs to countries with the labor force being one of the most important comparative advantages [1]. Nowadays, Slovakia is facing a problem of a shortage of the labor force in certain subdivisions. This problem is common in other member states of the EU as well. The labor market lacks specialists in IT, builders and mechanics. It is important to solve this problem and to eliminate the disproportion between the supply and demand for work from the perspective of education, skills and work experience. Similar opinion is expressed by Bobáková, V.
Hečková, J [3].
The main goal of this research article is to reveal remaining problems and resources of the labor market in the Slovak Republic. This is done with the use of the analysis of employment according to demographic factor. This study analyzes employment in the Slovak Republic during years 2002 -2006. The reference data are derived from official statistical information of the Slovak Republic, professional literature and research articles. Several research methods were used during the writing of this article, namely comparison, analysis and synthesis. Furthermore, during the final discussion of results standard mathematical-statistical equations and calculations are used. The employment index is calculated according to three methodologies: employment according to the registration index of employees, employment according to the labor force sample survey (VZPS) and employment according to the methodology of the ESA95.


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Summary

Employment in the Slovak Republic is in the period of 2002 2006 growing. According to the average European employment rate it is possible to classify the Slovak Republic between the developing countries. Period after 2002 is characterized by the growth of population in the productive age group. Palpable is the trend of the ageing of the population as well. According to the gender division, there is a trend of the gradual extrusion of men and women without qualification, as well as insufficient qualification from the labor market.


ZMIANY DEMOGRAFICZNE I ICH WPŁYW NA ZASOBY LUDZKIE - ZATRUDNIENIE NA SŁOWACJI

Abstrakt: Jednym z podstawowych warunków dla tworzenia możliwości zatrudnienia jest ogólny stan gospodarki, jednak ten warunek nie tylko jeden wymagany dla gwarancją wzrostu zatrudnienia jest. Czynniki wpływające na poziom zatrudnienia połączone są z otoczeniem, które jest jednym z podstawowych czynników tworzenia możliwości pracy w gospodarce rynkowej. W przyszłości wzrost wskaźnika zatrudnienia będzie podłączony do jakości siły roboczej, jak również odnowionej koncepcji gospodarczo-politycznej z priorytetem w gospodarce opartej na wiedzy w oparciu o kompetencje uczenia się.


 
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