DISCRIMINATION OF WOMEN IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF SR AND MODELS OF DISCRIMINATION - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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DISCRIMINATION OF WOMEN IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF SR AND MODELS OF DISCRIMINATION

Abstracts > Vol 5

DISCRIMINATION OF WOMEN IN THE LABOUR MARKET OF SR AND MODELS OF DISCRIMINATION
Ing. Ján Vravec, PhD., PhDr. Radovan Bačík, MBA., PhD.,


Abstract: The paper   deals with the problem of womens  discrimination in the labour market. Significant differences, among women and men in the labour market, are especially in unemployment rate in reward system, and high horizontal and vertical segregation of women. The aspects of discrimination arise despite of existing legislation, which gender discrimination strictly prohibits. An analysis of arguments, consequences and models of womens discrimination in the labour market can significantly help to remedy this undesirable phenomenon in our economy and society.

Key words:
Women
s discrimination, models of discrimination, aspect of non-discrimination

JEL Codes: J70, J71


Introduction
Discrimination is unwanted but persistent phenomenon, which has its own reasons, progress and consequences. Discrimination occurs in our society from various reasons, especially on the basis of race, nationality, religion, sexual orientation and on the basis of sex. Discrimination is not a phenomenon of modern times but it is a historical, long-term, interdisciplinary and very complex problem, which has extremely deep social roots. A quality analysis of reasons, symptoms, extent and consequences of the problem should not necessarily be interdisciplinary and wide spectral.
Discrimination research is also oriented to the labour market and, at present, it can contribute to understanding of some significant aspects of the phenomenon. At the same time, it cannot contain the centre of the discrimination problems, to identify all reasons and symptoms because also in out of economic sciences exist many approaches, scientific orientations and discrimination symptoms. The field of discrimination looks like to be quite chaotic, wide and open to a scientific research.
We need to define exactly the course of scientific study to understand a centre of economic and market aspects of discrimination. The aim of the paper is to analyse the women
s discrimination in the labour market in Slovakia and models of discrimination, which describe it. The same work and legal standards for both genders are valid in Slovakia, education level for men and women is also very similar but even though it is possible to identify some symptoms and consequences of discrimination in the labour market.


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Conclusion
The existence, quantification and elimination of professional, career, salary and other kinds of discrimination against women in the labour market, the persistence of gender gaps confirm importance of the research on this issue. It is also important to combat deep-rooted gender stereotypes that determine the roles of women and men in society and promoting gender imbalance in paid and unpaid work. Unequal sharing of family responsibilities, difficulty in learning opportunities and investment in human capital may lead to discriminatory tendencies more often in case of women than man. This can negatively affect their career development, salary assessment and economic independence.
Policy to encourage women
s participation in the labour market must therefore include an integrated approach including strategies to eliminate gender stereotypes and discriminatory factors. It is also important to take effective measures to improve the balance between work and family life of women and men and not to blame only discrimination from all the differences.    


DYSKRYMINACJA KOBIET NA SŁOWACKIM RYNKU PRACY I MODELE DYSKRYMINACJI

Abstrakt: artykuł dotyczy problemu dyskryminacji kobiet na rynku pracy. Na rynku pracy występują istotne różnice pomiędzy kobietami i mężczyznami, dotyczy to w szczególności systemu wynagrodzenia, poziomej i pionowej segregacji kobiet. Pomimo istniejącego prawodawstwa zakazującego dyskryminacji płci, nadal występuje to zjawisko. Analiza argumentów, konsekwencji i modeli dyskryminacji kobiet na rynku pracy, może znacząco przyczynić się do poprawy tego niekorzystnego zjawiska, występujące w naszej gospodarce i społeczeństwie.


 
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