Polish Journal of Management Studies
 ISSN 2081-7452
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Abstracts > Vol 10.2

Lis T., Bajdor P., Ładyga M.

Abstract: Changes in the modern enterprise are necessary. This follows directly from market volatility. The effectiveness of the organization is determined by the efficiency of its employees. Therefore, the improvement of the company is primarily related to the improvement of its human resources. This applies to all employees, regardless of its role and position in the organizational structure.

Key words:
employee, advancement, organizational structure, organizational culture, changes


Although management is a relatively young science, traces of its practice can be found in antiquity. As noted by R.W. Griffin, while building the pyramids, Egyptians successfully, had been using the functions of planning, organizing and controlling. In turn, the famous Macedonian king Alexander the Great, during the military campaigns, had based on military coordination, using the staff organization. In the Roman Empire, to improve communication processes and controls, an effective organizational structure had been implemented. Its features and concepts can also be found in the activities of the Sumerians, Babylonians, Chinese, Greeks, and the Venetians. Also Socrates, Plato and Alfarabi wrote about the solutions used in the management (Dwiwedula and Bredillet, 2010).
It should be noted that virtually every human activity, both in private life and professional life, is associated with a constant planning, organizing, controlling, monitoring, implementation, etc., simply the management. In relation to work life man/employee manages: its workplace, group of people, department, subsidiary, company. It depends on its position in the organizational structure. Every human activity associated with its normal functioning always brings some certain results (Barczak et al., 2009).
They may be intended and expected, but also more or less vary from it. At the same time, each activity enables individuals to gain: knowledge, experience, skills. It can be said that, with time passes, he acquires competence in his operations. Competence, whose source is personal life only are limited.

With communication, man has the ability to acquire and use "work effects" of other individuals. The desire, aptitude, capabilities, and the ability to assimilate the experience from all sources is an essential part of building self-esteem and optimizing any action taken. This applies to both, private and work life (Quinn et al., 2007; Krajčovičová et al., 2013).

full version


Management as a generic term related to organizing, conducting, controlling, decision and supervision of "life", can be assigned to each person. However, the current understanding of management is associated almost exclusively with economic activity. Whether it should be noted that it is assigned to man. Since it depends on his character and produced effects. Thus, the improvement of the organization is actually a derivative of improving employee. The aim is not only about the people on the highest levels of the structure, but every employee in the company. On the effects of work organization are made up results of work of each of its elements.
Today's markets are characterized by high dynamics of change. In fact, such an undertaking aspirations of gaining a competitive advantage must constantly adapt and evolve. To make this possible it is necessary to have adequate staff. It must be characterized by their possession of much knowledge as possible and desired skills. They must also be able to cooperate.
Optimizing company human potential depends directly on the management team. It is its mission to manage human resources. In its scope includes: selection and rotation of workers, the introduction of incentive, training, etc. Managers must ensure adequate working conditions. They also need to create a platform allowing free exchange and dissemination of: knowledge, skills and experience. Thanks to all employees become one compact assembly, whose primary objective is to achieve market success.
The ability to make optimal use of both individual and collective effects of work, requires employees and maintain an adequate organizational structure and culture. Culture is to: motivate employees realize their own advantages and opportunities to realize their role, create relationships based on trust. Optimization of the technical aspects of creating relationships in the enterprise, is a task introduced organizational structure. One of the most important features that should have is flexibility.
The functioning of the organization, like every human life, takes place under conditions of constant change and uncertainty upcoming events. The role of management is here to organize and maintenance work to ensure optimality of obtained results. This involves continuous modification of the current state, in order to adapt to the future. It is necessary to have extensive knowledge about the company and its environment. Also important is the ability to cooperate, capture weak signals, high-speed matching facts, organize work in a way that allows the maximum use of the potential of all employees.
An essential component of the manager's work is a reality of continuous improvement, gaining experience and gaining knowledge.


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Zmiany we współczesnym przedsiębiorstwie są koniecznością. Wynika to bezpośrednio ze zmienności rynku. O efektywności funkcjonowania organizacji decyduje efektywność jej pracowników. W związku z tym doskonalenie przedsiębiorstwa jest przede wszystkim związane z doskonaleniem jego kadr. Dotyczy to wszystkich pracowników, niezależnie od roli i pozycji w strukturze organizacyjnej.

Słowa kluczowe:
pracownik, doskonalenie, struktura organizacyjna, kultura organizacyjna, zmiany


关键字: 员工、 地位、 组织结构、 组织文化、 更改

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