Entrepreneurship as a Career Choice. The Empirical Perspective - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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Entrepreneurship as a Career Choice. The Empirical Perspective

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ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A CAREER CHOICE.
THE EMPIRICAL PERSPECTIVE
Tomski P.

Abstract: The importance of entrepreneurial career is incontrovertible. Its relevance arises from a wide spectrum of reasons. The most important one is entrepreneurship itself and its vital role in every economy. the aim of this paper is to analyze students' attitudes concerning entrepreneurial career and also to give an overview of main stimulators for starting entrepreneurial career in the perception of students of management courses. This particular group of respondents is exposed to the theory of enterprise management and stimulated by various courses and programs concerning entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behavior.

Key words: entrepreneur, entrepreneurial career, entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial intentions, new venture

Introduction

The importance of entrepreneurial career is incontrovertible. Its relevance arises from a wide spectrum of reasons. The most important one is entrepreneurship itself and its vital role in every economy.
Creativity and entrepreneurship have been the motivation behind development for a long period of time. Entrepreneurship is one of the most crucial factors of economic development. It is the result of the creation of new enterprises and the creation of jobs within the existing ones [4, 23]. The other thread is related to the fact of the transformation of contemporary societies into knowledge societies and the transition of economic systems from managerial into entrepreneurial systems, as stressed by D. Audretsch and R. Thurik [1]. This particular transformation and transition promote creative and entrepreneurial individuals willing and being able to discover new and better ways of doing business, find business opportunities and contribute to sustainable high quality of life. Many theorists and practitioners view entrepreneurship as the ultimate tool for the achievement of sustainable development and growth [13, 25].
In the light of the above, the aim of this paper is to analyze students' attitudes concerning entrepreneurial career and also to give an overview of main stimulating and motivating factors for starting entrepreneurial career in the perception of students of management courses. This particular group of respondents is exposed to the theory of enterprise management and stimulated by various courses, programs and assignments concerning entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial behavior. This seed is boosted by real business life analysis and case studies, enhancing the awareness of the specificity of entrepreneurship.

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Summary

The conducted research unambiguously allowed for the emergence of tendencies concerning the group of students under research. The most frequently indicated factors motivating for the implementation of self-employment and taking up entrepreneurial career belong to the group of typically financial factors and refer to  the permanent (certain) provision of the desired standard of living. An interesting result is the conclusion that entrepreneurial career will most probably be started by the people who wish to be their own boss, who want to be employers, and among the factors motivating them to start self-employment there is a sense of freedom.
The research was carried out on a random sample of students of one faculty, which does not allow to generalize the results with reference to the entire population. However, the results of the conducted research may be a guideline for all the organizations and people whose aim is to stimulate entrepreneurship and to encourage to self-realization in the process of self-employment, since there appear some characteristics of an individual requiring stimulation and the factors whose existence or perception itself may bring about intensive aiming at the creation of new ventures.


References

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PRZEDSIĘBIORCZOŚĆ JAKO WYBÓR KARIERY. PERSPEKTYWA EMPIRYCZNA


Streszczenie: Znaczenie kariery przedsiębiorcy jest niezaprzeczalne. Jej znaczenie wynika z szerokiego spektrum przyczyn. Najważniejszą z nich jest sama przedsiębiorczość i jej istotna rola w każdej gospodarce. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest analiza postaw studentów dotyczących kariery przedsiębiorcy, a także dokonanie przeglądu głównych stymulatorów do rozpoczęcia kariery przedsiębiorcy w postrzeganiu studentów kursów zarządzania. Ta szczególna grupa respondentów ma styczność z teorią zarządzania przedsiębiorstwem i jest stymulowana przez różnego rodzaju kursy i programy zakresie przedsiębiorczości
i przedsiębiorczych zachowań.


Słowa kluczowe: przedsiębiorca, kariera przedsiębiorcy, przedsiębiorczość, intencje przedsiębiorcze, nowe przedsięwzięcie


作为一个职业选择的创业精神。实证的角度来看
摘要:创业生涯的重要性是不容置疑的。其相关性的产生广泛的原因。最重要的一个是创业本身和在每个经济体中的发挥关键作用。本文件的目的是要分析关于创业生涯的学生的态度,并给的主要刺激器概述在管理课程的学生的悟性开始创业生涯。此特定组的受访者是接触到的企业管理理论和刺激的各种课程和关于企业家精神与创业行为的程序。
关键词: 企业家、 创业生涯、 创业精神、 创业的意图、 新合资企业



 
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