ENTREPRENEURSHIP BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS
AND GRADUATES FROM JAN DŁUGOSZ UNIVERSITY
Abstract: Purpose of this article is to analyze carriers and internship office, within
a context of business behaviors among students and graduates. This work encompasses:
a definition of academic business, institutional forms of students’ entrepreneurship creation, chosen results of empirical research of professional activity among students and efforts of carrier and internship office at Jan Długosz University (AJD) in Czestochowa. The research was based on a method of personal interview and on analysis of carrier office reports. Afterwards, wide-
Key words: entrepreneurship, academic entrepreneurship, carrier office, Transfer of Knowledge and Innovation Center in Science and Art, academic business incubators
Message of this article, is to treat entrepreneurship academic activity as actions of academic institutions in creation of professional activity of students and graduates.
Purpose of this evaluation is to demonstrated which institutional forms of students and graduates business support are applied by Universities, and to what degree these forms are used by interested people at Jan Długosz University in Czestochowa (case study). Special attention was drawn to academic carrier offices, focused on formulation of entrepreneurial behaviors among students and graduates. Furthermore, there was an attempt to conduct a broader analysis of academic entrepreneurship, and to present its definition in a context of institutional forms of support.
In order to obtain opinions of employees from individual institutions, which support students and graduates in their entrepreneurship activity, there was research conducted in a form of personal interviews. A worker from Carrier Office at Jan Długosz University in Czestochowa was answering the questions.
In order to define research, the following reports were gathered from carrier and internship office at Jan Długosz University in Czestochowa: Student’s Work – Research of Professional Activity of Silesian Students part I and II, Labor Market Report 2013 (research conducted at the turn of June and September 2013), Research of labor market “qualifications and skills of graduate in employer’s evaluation” (research conducted at the turn of February and March 2013), Professional Carrier History of Graduates from AJD in Czestochowa year 2011 (this report was gathered and used with approval of AJD’s Dean).
As a result of analysis of institution activity, there were recommended steps for more effective activity of carrier office presented.
Subsequent chapters of the publication included: definitions of entrepreneurship and academic entrepreneurship, institutional forms of creation of students’ entrepreneurship activity, selected research results of empirical business activity of students, in a context of carrier and internship office at AJD in Czestochowa, based on a method of personal interview and reports’ analysis. In the last chapter, there
a recommendation for further actions of carrier office and other possibilities which are influential for active business activity of students and graduates were suggested.
A group of this chapter’s Addressees comprises of office workers, teachers, employers and other decision-
Formulation of entrepreneurship and self-
Development of business knowledge in a context of future work,
Change of teaching programs and adjustment of specialization at a major of studies to labor market needs.
Companies which are interested in hiring qualified staff should take actions which lead to get adequate candidates for work. From conducted research, it occurs that only 11% of entrepreneurs is eager to conduct trainings and workshop for student, to participate in work fairs and carrier days and to cooperate on creation of education and professional programs.
On one hand, the expectations of employers are growing, there are occurring problems with choice of qualified graduate, and on the other hand, there is lack of employers’ activity in an educational sphere, where a lot could be changed in order to train a competent graduate.
By analyzing opinions of graduates on labor market, it can be noticed that only 50% of employed, work within a scope of their specialization. This is why, it is important to be interested into own future, by enhancing qualifications and competences. These can be done in various forms of efforts taken for mastering professional competences, such as: post graduate studies, extra trainings, workshops, volunteer services, various programs, projects, involvement in special interests clubs, participation in conferences, and others.
According to graduates, difficulties in employment, results from: market intensity (29%), lack of experience (21%) and limited number of job positions (38%).
Effectiveness of CIO in efforts which support professional activity of students is caused by involvement of institutions’ members.
It has been observed, that Carrier Office at AJD resigned from some activities, for example: free trainings, getting new work positions, lack of research on pro-
According to a worker from CIO at AJD, there is a common opinion that initialization of, for example, a subject of choice from the field of entrepreneurship, into education program, could bring measurable results. Classes on entrepreneurship could strengthen awareness among students, when it comes to time within which a person should start getting experience and shaping professional development path.
It seems that decision making people do not see potential, which can be offered for students and graduates by carrier office. Individuals act very bravely but often their limited possibilities for activity (one person teams) are reduced and budget is small. Consequence of such limited activities of carrier offices, lack of realization possibilities, for example: approved internships from other organizations, conducting big informative campaigns, more advanced monitoring of a labor market.
It was noticed that there is a hole in unused potential among academic professors. Recommendations for professional activity of students and graduates, is the growing awareness of role which can be made by socio-
A new reform on higher education allows complete autonomy for creation of educational directions, by making it possible to fulfill needs of the labor market. The needs for majors and specializations of education should be verified on the basis of research conducted by carrier offices, which could help to regularly monitor the local labor market, by taking into consideration deficit of qualifications and skills of graduates. Based on recommendations of carrier offices, high schools could focus specializations on education directions, in such a way to get rid of
a hole within the labor market, both for employers and for graduates. Keeping in mind particular formulation of plans and programs of studies, adequate bodies should make a proper choice of didactic methods (with higher significance of activity methods), extra-
It should be emphasized that an ambitious person will use every opportunity to reach a set goal, which can include: finding internship, apprenticeship, constant employment or starting own business activity (Baczyńska and Burawski, 2013), and organizations and professors at universities should support professional activity, and show the way where one can go and what he/she can achieve.
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ZACHOWANIA PRZEDSIĘBIORCZE STUDENTÓW
I ABSOLWENTÓW AKADEMII IM. JANA DŁUGOSZA
Streszczenie: Celem publikacji jest analiza działalności Biura Praktyk i Karier
w kontekście zachowań przedsiębiorczych studentów i absolwentów. Przedstawiono definicje przedsiębiorczości akademickiej, instytucjonalne formy kreowania przedsiębiorczości studenckiej, zaprezentowano wybrane wyniki badań empirycznych aktywności zawodowej studentów oraz działalność Biura Praktyk i Karier Akademii im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie. Badania przeprowadzono w oparciu o metodę indywidualnego wywiadu oraz analizę raportów Biura Karier. Następnie dokonano wielostronnych analiz w kontekście, których zaproponowano działania wzmacniające aktywizację zawodową studentów i absolwentów.
Słowa kluczowe: przedsiębiorczość, przedsiębiorczość akademicka, biuro karier, Centrum Transferu Wiedzy i Innowacji w Obszarze Nauki i Sztuki, Akademickie Inkubatory Przedsiębiorczości
创业行为的学生和毕业生的学院名称 JAN DŁUGOSZ 在城市 CZESTOCHOWA