EVOLUTION OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION IN ROMANIA IN TERMS OF EU INTEGRATION
Dima I. C., Ciurea V., Grabara I., Man M *
Evolution of preuniversity educational institution - taking into account the preuniversity educational institution in developing the human society, the following stages are distinguished in its development since its appearance until now and namely. The educational institution - basic unit of the national system of preuniversity education. The definition of the preuniversity educational institution as basic unit of the national system of the preuniversity education takes into account the social function of the preuniversity educational institution in relation to the structures which it can define in time and space.
Keywords: Evolution, education, EU integration
The social function of the preuniversity educational institution is determined by the teaching-learning-evaluating structure based on: general pedagogical principles and norms valuably orientating the organizing projects of the preuniversity educational institution into the future; pedagogical programs socially known, which state a certain division of the work at the level of the preuniversity educational institution; open channels of pedagogical communication ensuring the efficiency of the preuniversity educational institution at the methodological level and in the plan of the stable relations with the educative communication, territorially and locally. The approach of the preuniversity educational institution as basic unit of the preuniversity education may be done from two points of view, namely; The preuniversity educational institution - basic cell of the national system of preuniversity education, meaning that it can be defined as institutional factor of education, according to the pedagogical concepts based on the correlation subject-object according to; the stable pedagogical finalities at the level of school policy; the norms of pedagogical projection of the didactic activity; the requirements for accomplishing the pedagogical message and for evaluating the results based on the inverse connection. This also engages its educational environment which exercises various pedagogical influences resulted from the direction: of the psycho-social field surrounding it in time and space; the ambiance released from within, having as main factors the didactic personnel and the students; the managerial styles exercised by the subject of the education.
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The course of the educational process and sequential and final accomplishment of its objectives implies the establishment of some functional relations between the participants to this process (educator-educated) which may be: of communication (verbal and affective), cooperation, subordination direction . The adjustment and optimization of this educational process needs the educator to know the results of the activity of the preuniversity educational institution and quality of the teaching and learning processes, which are practically accomplished by means of the activity evaluating the school efficiency.
The systemic approach of the educational process needs: its analysis and interpretation as a system, which means underlining its composing elements (its components) and relations between them; the analysis and interpretation of the educational process as a subsystem of the social macro-system of the society, where it is integrated into and highlighting its functional and/or structural relations to its other subsystems (the educational process being one of its subsystems).
The educational process may be deemed as a system of the social macro-system, due to the relations of the educational system with the overly ordered (the society) system it belongs to. Having this feature, its components can be grouped into flows (variables) of entering the system (input) and flows of exiting the system (output).
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EWOLUCJA SZKOLNICTWA PODSTAWOWEGO I ŚREDNIEGO W RUMUNII W ZAKRESIE INTEGRACJI UE
Ewolucja przed-uniwersyteckich instytucji edukacyjnych, biorąc pod uwagę instytucje odkrywające społeczeństwo ludzkie, różnią się następujące etapy w rozwoju, ponieważ jego wygląd do tej pory, a mianowicie, instytucja edukacyjna – podstawowa jednostka krajowego systemu edukacji. Definicja przed-uniwersyteckiej instytucji edukacyjnej jako podstawowej jednostki krajowego systemu edukacji, uwzględnia społeczną funkcję tych instytucji edukacyjnych w odniesieniu do struktur, które można określić w czasie i przestrzeni