Polish Journal of Management Studies
 ISSN 2081-7452
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Abstracts > Vol 5

Aneta Pachura

Abstract: The character and intensity of the innovations process of goods, processes or organisational structure depend on both corporate research and development initiatives and on transfer of technology and know-how from the external environment. The character of innovative processes as well as their degree and development are thus dependant on a number of endogenous  (shaping the potential of the companys close environment) and exogenous factors (relating to the global economic and technological development). The paper present epistemological introduction to theory of innovation.

innovation, technology, knowledge, entreprise
JEL codes: O32, O33

Complex approach to innovativeness enables one to compare innovative activity to the search for innovative ideas and solutions covering a complex process originating in research and finding its end in complete implementation of the particular innovation [1]. Primary, strategic and science
based research lay at the basis of relations observed between science, technology and innovations. In order to ensure smooth flow of scientific, technical and innovative processes, covering:
theoretical background and model development,
technical models,
industrial development,
innovations and imitations,
distribution of goods and technology,
innovation application
it is necessary to gather the right human resources, knowledge, as well as material and financial resources.

The problem of technological innovations has not been considered a priority by the classic theorists [2]. Due to the fact, no special importance is ascribed to the innovation development theory, in spite of the fact that Smith, Ricardo, Marks, Marshall, Keynes and Solow are almost unanimous, stating that long-term efficiency growth is inextricably related with introduction and diffusion of technological and organisational innovations. Joseph Schumpeter has stressed the role of innovation by pointing to the special interdependence between economic development and innovation development observed in the process of qualitative and quantitative application of innovations in business practice. However, the neoclassical theory does not identify any special role of innovation development, as it focuses on removing market imperfections and return of price and wage flexibility [2]. Subsequent development of institutionalism has resulted in research on the existence, power and character of the correlation between economic development and innovation development. Interest in the process of learning in the light of economic results has changed the perception of the role of innovation.

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Technological progress, achieved thanks to innovative activity, is commonly considered the basic indicator and stimulus of economic growth. Complexity and dynamics of social, economic and political phenomena influence the innovative potential in its global, international, cross-regional and regional scale.   
The correlation between innovation development degree and socio
economic growth of a country is commonly stressed, determining the outlay of resources spent on innovative activity. Competence to conduct primary, applied and development research depends on the internal and external character of the R&D and innovation potential. Factors such as: human resources, new competence creation, knowledge transfer and application, financing, innovativeness and its commercialization are often considered the primary strategic areas conditioning innovation development.
Theoretical studies on innovations confirm the interest in the problem of innovative activity both among theorists and practitioners of organisation and management sciences. Comparative approach to the innovation theory in classicism, neoclassicism and institutionalism may be the basis for considerations on the importance of innovative activity in the contemporary global economy.

Relation to the growth theory and especially to the uneven rate of growth of different societies enables one to consider the views on the role of innovations in economy. There are both opinions attributing little importance to innovations and the ones confirming strong correlation between economic growth and innovation development. In the latter case, it is characteristic to institutionalism to perform analyses of the relations between innovative potential and technical and organisational progress as well as economic development. This approach enables one to distinguish determinants of innovative activity. Direct role of innovative activity in the process of technology and competitiveness growth is thus confirmed in its regional, cross-regional, international and global scale.


Abstrakt: Artykuł prezentuje zagadnienia teorii innowacji w relacji do zmieniających się uwarunkowań w otoczeniu organizacji oraz zmieniającej się roli wiedzy w rozwoju gospodarczym i społecznym. Współczesne podejście do innowacyjności wymaga zastosowania podejścia systemowego czyli uwzględnienia wielu elementów wpływu często o coraz bardziej globalnym charakterze.

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