INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES USED IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATURAL DISASTER RISK RESPONSE PROJECT
Virgil Popa, Leonardo Badea, MadalinaBarna
Risk management is the process of identification, measurement, and risk assessment, followed by development of risk management strategies (internal/ organizational management). Emergency situation - exceptional event, nonmilitary nature, that by scale and intensity threatens the lives and health of the population, environment, important materials and cultural values and to restore normality are necessary measures and urgent action, the allocation of additional resources and unified management of forces and means involved. Emergency situation management means identifying, recording and evaluating the types of risk and the underlying factors, stakeholder notification, warning people, limitation, removal or counteracting risk factors and negative effects and impact of these exceptional eventsIn the emergency response and restoration (Short-term recuperation period) the information about the hazard damages, and the restoration strategy becomes highly uncertain (ICP problems). Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, instruments and techniques on their project activities to meet requirements. The project fits into the concept of local management of emergency situations, seeking lines of organization and functioning of the National System of Management of Emergencies, namely: prevention and emergency management, insurance and coordinate human, material, financial and otherwise needed to restore a state of normality. Project aims to rationally exploit the full potential of the relief, economic and social characteristics given by the area of interest to efficiently and effectively managing risk.
Keywords: Risk Management, Natural Disaster, Emergency Situation, Project Management, Earthquake Risk Response, Planned Activities, Key Elements, Risk Register, Work Breakdown Structure, GANTT Chart
The risk management
Risk management is the process of identification, measurement, and risk assessment, followed by development of risk management strategies (internal/ organizational management).
The risk management, as defined in, presents the systematic approach to apply the management policies, procedures and practices to the processes related to the risks context, identification, analysis, assessment, quantification, treatment, monitoring and communication so as to allow organizations to minimize the looses and to maximize effectively the opportunities. 
Traditionally, risk management focuses on risks that are rooted in physical or legal causes (for example: natural disasters or fires, accidents, legal actions). Financial risk management, for example, focuses on risks that can be managed by using financial instruments. Whatever type of risk management involved, organizations have (or should have) risk management teams to practice risk management activity.
The objective faced with the risk management is to identify and control significant risks. This implies the existence of several key stages, with feedback in monitoring process.
The purpose of treating risks  is the determination of what will be done as a response to risks that were identified. The treatment of risks transforms previous analysis of risk into actions of substance (effective) to reduce risk.
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Management system of an earthquake response plan project:
The responsible for project wants to achieve the specific objectives in close liaison with the other two coordinates (time, cost) in this respect, aims to brows the planned activities (Appendix 1) to achieve specific objectives (Gantt Chart - Appendix 3); Breakdown Structure (WBS) - Appendix 2;establishes the "benchmarks" of the project, moments when is analyzed the state of activities development and reporting (communication) to stakeholders of project progress;for attending specific activities that follow established benchmarks for each objective.
It requires the following observations on the register of risks:
Treatment of all key elements (or risks associated with the earthquake), will be in the Earthquake Response Plan; priority and inherent risk established in project progress communication session, attended by ESLC (met) and the project team; Information accepted and inherent risk will be used as follows:
A. Risks classified as EXTREME or LARGE on both scales - is likely that these risks occur and have potential serious consequences, even if exists a control for them. It requires detailed planning and increased attention to the discretion of the management;
B. Risks classified as EXTREME or LARGE on the scale of inherent risks, but not on the scale of priorities approved (by considering the control set) - these have potential serious risks if control fails. Management attention should be directed towards improving the monitoring and control;
C. Risks classified as AVERAGE on both scales - may be likely to occur or to have serious consequences, but not necessarily both, regarding the control. These require planning and attention from management to improve control;
D. Risks classified as AVERAGE on risks scale, but only SMALL on the scale of those accepted, after taking the control into consideration. Attention of management should be directed to monitoring the control and improving it, when applicable;
E. Risks classified as being SMALL on bought scales - may be, typically, managed using routine procedures.
 SR CEI 62198: 2002 - Project risk management - Application Guide
 Cooper, Dale (2005) Project Risk Management Guidelines - Managing risk in Large Projects and Complex Procurements. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England
 Ghid practic pentru pregatirea populatiei in vederea protectiei seismice - Institutul de Cercetari pentru Constructii - INCERC (Practical Guide on preparing people for seismic protection - Building Research Institute - INCERC)
 Steiner, Nicolae, 2004 - Exercitiu simulat electronic de interventie in caz de cutremur in judetul Arges al colectivului de management al dezastrelor din SAJ Arges (Electronically simulated intervention exercise in case of an earthquakes in the Arges county of disaster management team from SAJ Arges) Universitatea Politehnica, Bucharest, Romania, April 20-22, 2010
 Anastasiadis, Anthimos & Mosoarca Marius - Vulnerability Assessment of R/C buildings for Earthquake insurance Purposes - in Proceedings of the International Conference on Risk Management, assessment and mitigation (Rima '10)
 Li-Xin Wu, Jin-Peng Li and Shan-Jun Liu - Space observed Two Abnormal Linear Clouds before Wenchuan, in
 Proceedings of the 3rd IASME / WSEAS Int. Conf. on Geology and Seismology (GES'09) Cambridge, UK, February 21-26, 2009
 Boscoianu Mircea - Emerging research directions for modeling the Impact, Short Time recuperation and Long Term Recovery in the Case of Natural Hazards, - in Proceedings of the 1st WSEAS Int. Conf. on Urban Rehabilitation and Sustainability (Ures'08), Bucharest, Romania, November 7-9, 2008
 Popa, Virgil (2008) Project management - Realization and implemetation of projects. Course Notes
 Severin, Irina; Caramihai, Mihai; Amza Gheorghe & Lupu Anamaria, Risk Assessment in Project Management: a practical tool - in Proceedings of the International Conference on Risk Management, Assessment and Mitigation (Rima '10) Universitatea Politehnica, Bucharest, Romania, April 20-22, 2010
 Romanian Government Decision 2288/2004 to approve the allocation of main support functions that are provide by ministries, other central agencies and NGO's on prevention and emergency management.
NARZEDZIA I TECHNIKI WYKORZYSTYWANE W CELU WDROZENIA PROJEKTU WYKRYWANIA RYZYKA NATURALNYCH KATASTROF
Zarzadzanie ryzykiem jest procesem identyfikacji, pomiaru i oceny ryzyka, poprzedzonym przez rozwoj strategii zarzadzania ryzykiem (wewnetrzne/organizacyjne zarzadzanie). Sytuacja krytyczna - nadzwyczajne zdarzenie o niemilitarnym charakterze, ktore przez swoja skale i intensywnosc zagraza zyciu i zdrowiu populacji, srodowisku, waznym materialom i wartosciom kulturalnym. Aby przywrocic stan normalnosci niezbedne sa pomiary i natychmiastowe dzialania, przydzial dodatkowych srodkow i ujednolicone zarzadzanie silami i innymi srodkami. Zarzadzanie sytuacja krytyczna oznacza identyfikacje, rejestracje i ocene roznych typow ryzyka i ukrytych czynnikow, zawiadomienie wspolnikow, ostrzeganie ludzi, ograniczanie i usuwanie towarzyszacych ryzyku czynnikow i negatywnych efektow i skutkow tych nieprzewidzianych wydarzen. W systemach reagowania na zagrozenia i przywracania (krotki okres powrotu do stanu pierwotnego), informacja o niebezpiecznych zniszczeniach i strategia przywracania stanu pierwotnego jest bardzo niepewna (problemy ICP). Zarzadzanie projektami to zastosowanie wiedzy, umiejetnosci, narzedzi oraz technik w przypadku zaplanowanych dzialan w celu spelnienia wymogow. Projekt wpisuje sie w koncepcje lokalnego zarzadzania sytuacjami krytycznymi i funkcjonowanie Narodowego Systemu Zarzadzania Sytuacjami Krytycznymi: zapobieganie sytuacjom krytycznym i zarzadzanie nimi, ubezpieczenie i organizacja ludzi, przywracanie stanu normalnosci . Celem projektu jest racjonalne wykorzystanie calego potencjalu pomocy humanitarnej i charakterystyki terenu bedacego przedmiotem zainteresowania w celu efektywnego i skutecznego zarzadzania ryzykiem.