MEASURES TO REDUCE TRANSPORTATION GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN ROMANIA - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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MEASURES TO REDUCE TRANSPORTATION GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN ROMANIA

Abstracts > Vol 6

MEASURES TO REDUCE TRANSPORTATION GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN ROMANIA  
Vasile  E.,  Balan  M., Grabara I., Balan S.

Abstract: The greenhouse gas emissions from transport have registered a severe increase over the years about 23% of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions resulted from burning fossil fuels worldwide. In this context, it is observed the increasing need to shift to sustainable transport patterns for taking into consideration a wide-scale use of alternative energy sources (e.g. bio-fuels, biogas) and also, the investments in environmental technologies research and development etc. Romania has a national transport system situated on average level in terms of conventional standards of Europe's transport system. But, it was noted that the infrastructure of roads, railways, maritime and air transport is vulnerable in terms of extreme weather conditions. Considering the indirect effects of climate change, they are manifested by deteriorating road and rail infrastructure. The paper presents some of the measures adapted by Romania to reduce the greenhouse emissions produced by the transport sector. The adaptation of the Romanian transport sector to climate change impacts should take into account the use of technologies by focusing on increased safety standards, and ensuring continuity of services. In order to implement these measures it is increased the need to invest into designing vehicles that can withstand the adverse effects of climate change. The new transport infrastructure and means of transport should be designed, beginning with the design phase, in order to be resilient to the effects of the climate change.

Keywords: transport, greenhouse gas emissions, reducing   emissions   from   transport

Introduction

Global average temperature has raised in the last century to 0.74 ° C. Scientists say this is the upward trend on the planet. Forecasts made in recent year
s shows that the trend will continue and even accelerate. The most optimistic estimates indicate that the Earth could warm during the XXI century with 3 ° C. In the last three decades, emissions of greenhouse gases have increased by an average of 1.6% CO 2 in fossil fuel use, reaching 1.9%/year. In the absence of policy action, it is expected that these patterns of emissions growth to continue.
Less than 1% of Earth's atmosphere consists of water vapor (H 2O), carbon dioxide (CO 2), ozone (O 3), methane (CH 4), nitrous oxide (N 2O) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF 6) gas known as greenhouse gas (GHG).
Environmental structural indicators' total emissions of greenhouse gases "are the quantities in tons/year of pollutants that are regulated by the Kyoto Protocol. All countries must make progress in reducing their greenhouse gas emissions. ...

... more in full version

Summary

An efficient and flexible transport system is essential for the economy and quality of life. The main objective of transport policy in Romania is the restructuring of the transport system and ensuring its functioning in order to achieve a homogeneous transport system, connected in terms of structure at national and European transport networks.
Measures taken to reduce greenhouse emissions in Romanian transport can be listed:
• Remove from use of those vehicles, especially those of heavy-duty engines not equipped with retention of pollutants - action begun in 2005, but with cars older than 12 years;
• Lack of parking and poor location of garages, which determine the use of green spaces as parking spaces. Local government in urban development plans must have regard to the parking arrangement so that should not affect the green and have the ability to serve the population of the area;
• Acoustic protection measures, with green curtains to protect the built road and rail would be likely to help reduce the discomfort of urban noise, and at improving air quality;
• One of the most effective measures to reduce pollution is to develop the railway, an environmental transport, and with which it can bring positive results both in the short and medium term.
The main objective of transport policy, according to the National Action Plan for Environmental Protection, is the restructuring of the national transmission system and ensuring its functioning in order to achieve a homogeneous transport system, connected in terms of structure the pan-European corridors.


BADANIA W CELU ZMNIEJSZENIA EMISJI GAZÓW CIEPLARNIANYCH TRANSPORTU W RUMUNII


Streszczenie:
Emisje gazów cieplarnianych pochodzących z transportu odnotowały silny wzrost w ciągu roku, wzrost dwutlenku węgla (CO 2)o 23% wynikał ze spalania paliw kopalnych na  całym świecie.W tym kontekście należy zauważyć rosnącą potrzebę przejścia do zrównoważonych modeli transportu dla uwzględnienia na szeroką skalę
wykorzystania alternatywnych źródeł energii (np. biopaliwa, biogaz), a także inwestycji w zakresie badań środowiska, technologii i rozwoju itp. Rumunia posiada krajowy system transportowy który znajduję się na średnim poziomie w zakresie konwencjonalnych standardów europejskiego systemu transportu. Ale zauważono, że infrastruktura dróg, linii kolejowych, transportu morskiego i lotniczego jest podatna na działania ekstremalnych warunków pogodowych.
Biorąc pod uwagę pośrednie skutki zmian klimatu, manifestują się one drogą pogarszającej i infrastruktury kolejowej.Przedstawiono niektóre z działań dostosowanych przez Rumunię do zmniejszenia emisji gazów cieplarnianych pochodzących z sektora transportu. Dostosowanie sektora transportowego do rumuńskiego skutków zmian klimatu powinny uwzględniać wykorzystanie technologii poprzez skupienie się na zwiększenie standardów bezpieczeństwa i zapewnienia ciągłości usług.W celu wykonania tych środków jest zwiększona konieczność inwestowania w projektowanie pojazdów, które mogą wytrzymać niekorzystne skutki zmian klimatycznych. Nowa infrastruktura transportowa i środki transportu powinny być zaprojektowane, począwszy od fazy projektowania, aby być odporne na skutki zmian klimatycznych.

Słowa kluczowe
: transport, emisja gazów cieplarnianych, redukcja emisji generowanych przez transport


Reference:
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[5]. Reducing Transport Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trends & Data 2010, The International Transport Forum, OECD, www. internationaltransportforum.org
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