MOTIVATIONAL ASPECTS IN CHOOSING THE PROFESSION OF UNIVERSITY TEACHER
Mihăescu D., Mihăescu L.
Abstract: Education in Romania, in the context of adaptation to the European integration requirements and the reaction that has to provide facing the new challenges of the knowledge society, its looking for more resources to become efficient, modern and performant. This paper draws the attention over the relevant issues concerning the motivation for choosing the profession of university teacher starting from the question: what mechanisms, what springs are those which are able to direct the academic human resources toward a persistent effort in relation to its purpose: efficient educational process, trained and motivated college.
Key words: academic human resource, education, motivation, motivational factors
The contemporary age requirements lies the need for education among the main factors that can contribute to solving the major problems that the society is facing today, but also to ensure the development and progress in the future.
Aware of the role of central shaft that education plays in the new society, the Romanian school assumes the training mission through education of the mental infrastructure of the Romanian society, in line with the new requirements derived from Romania's status of European Union’s member and also from the operationally in the globalization context and of sustainable generation of a highly competitive national human resources, able to work effectively in today's and future society .
Within this general framework of education a very important role has the higher education the only one being able to form highly professional specialists able to integrate the requirements of the labor market and life in general.
To create a powerful learning environment, a very special role has the academic human resources. The extent to which they engage in the educational process has multiple elements of determination; motivation represents the mobilizing resource in solving the mission assumed as a university teacher
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The motivation problems complexity retains more and more the attention, proving that it is very important to know the motivational factors that provide job satisfaction. Choice of university teaching profession is based on a series of motivational factors specific to each category of age or experience.
Thus, persons belonging to age groups 20-
From the questionnaire it appears that for this profession, as university teacher to be more attractive for young graduates should adopt certain changes in the higher education system, starting with the legislation till the professional quality and pedagogical of the teachers; increasing financial motivation, larger facilities for students etc. The reality demonstrates that the legislative instability leads to job insecurity and professional development opportunities.
After processing the data obtained it was observed that a key role in motivating young graduates choosing academic teaching profession have the parents and the relatives, and teachers who are regarded as a role model for many of the respondents . Also, it can be seen that higher education in Romania can progress through educational activities, especially by the research that most of the respondents are willing to develop, but the heavy system often can block them. What seems to be the basic motivating factor of all surveyed teachers and the desire to keep this job is love for students and satisfaction they feel when students are successful in life. This intrinsically motivation shows commitment and dedication of the teacher to the teaching activity.
Until now it has not been found yet and probably will not find a pattern of reasoning that can be applied to all people, all situations, all cultures, the risk of failure is inevitable if you try to apply one of the existing models without taking into account the concrete reality only because it was applied success sometime and somewhere. Each teacher is different, has different experience, different aspirations and of course different motivations.
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ASPEKTY MOTYWACYJNE W WYBORZE ZAWODU NAUCZYCIELA AKADEMICKIEGO
Streszczenie: Edukacja w Rumunii, w kontekście dostosowania do wymogów integracji europejskiej i reakcji, jaką ma zapewnić w obliczu nowych wyzwań społeczeństwa opartego na wiedzy, poszukuje więcej zasobów, aby stać się skuteczną, nowoczesną
i wydajną. Dokument ten zwraca uwagę na istotne kwestie dotyczące motywacji do wyboru zawodu nauczyciela akademickiego, począwszy od pytania: jakie mechanizmy są w stanie kierować akademickie zasoby ludzkie w kierunku trwałego wysiłku w odniesieniu do jego celów: skutecznego procesu edukacyjnego, wyszkolonego i zmotywowanego kolegium.
Słowa kluczowe: akademickie zasoby ludzkie, edukacja, motywacja, czynniki motywacyjne
关键词： 学术人力资源、 教育、 激励、 激励因素。