OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT IN THE LIGHT OF CAUSES ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENTS
Abstract: Management processes play the key role in providing for health and safe conditions of work and managers play the most important role in counteracting accidents at work. This article discusses some basic problems related to inappropriate organisation of work as a cause of accidents in the overall national economy, in the Industrial Processing section, and in the particular processing departments in years 2006-
Key words: occupational safety management, accidents, causes
A human being is both the subject and the object of interactions within the occupational health and safety management system, as it is not possible for the company to be managed and operated without participation of its employees upon all operational levels, while at the same time the performance of work processes may be connected with various accident-
Management processes, such as: planning, organising, motivating and controlling, when referred to concrete actions that are unique for the occupational health and safety area, covering primarily identification of hazards and occupational risk assessment, monitoring conditions of work, corrective and preventive actions, internal communication and training programmes , play the key role in providing for health and safe conditions of work. Due to the fact that it is high ranking managers who are responsible for the effective and successful performance of management processes , it can be assumed that managers play the most important role in counteracting accidents at work. It is the managers who are responsible both for hazards that occur in work processes and for reasons that cause accidents. This results from the fact that it is managers who are responsible for selection of technologies, methods and manners of work, selection of employees in terms of their physical and psychological characteristics, selection and availability of means of protection against hazards, and many other actions.
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Managers’ errors affect their employees’ conditions of work and the operations they perform; therefore one may say that their errors affect errors being committed by their employees. Some of the basic reasons for accidents at work, which employees suffer through the fault of their managers, include: wrongly communicated tasks, creating error-
In line with the MORT concept , the accident is always preceded by a series of planning errors and operational and organisational errors that result in the employee being not adjusted towards environmental or social conditions. In other words, it is not the employee who is guilty of an accident, but the situation in which he found himself and which provoked him to commit the error, including broadly comprehended work environment that comprises, besides physical / material elements, also some psychological aspects, such as: managing employees, atmosphere at work, personal relations, etc.
The basic objective of our studies was to analyse accidents from the standpoint of identification of reasons related to errors in the work health and safety management process, as it is routine actions taken every day by the managerial staff that have the most fundamental significance in preventing accidents at work.
As a result of our statistical data review, we observed that over the studied years 2006-
Furthermore, it was found out that the share of inappropriate general organisation of work in total reasons for accidents in the overall economy fell in years 2006-
Thus, it can be assumed that organisational factors play varying roles in various industrial processing departments. On the other hand, it is important that inappropriate organisation of work, i.e. managerial errors, were mainly pointed out with reference to serious and fatal accidents, i.e. accidents with higher degree of recordability. Hence, it may be presumed that this problem is also significant in the context of less serious accidents and other potential accident-
Identification of reasons for accidents is the first step towards limiting the risk level of accidents, which result from similar reasons, occurring in future . It is also helpful in evaluating safety requirements and principles as stipulated in various kinds of rules and regulations at various levels of the economy, section or department. Recognising and understanding the nature of errors being committed by managers may be of crucial significance in building effective work health and safety management systems. Therefore, our analysis as discussed in this article is fully justified in practice.
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. Wypadki przy pracy w latach 2006 -
ZARZĄDZANIE BEZPIECZEŃSTWEM PRACY W ŚWIETLE ANALIZY PRZYCZYN WYPADKÓW
Streszczenie: Procesy zarządzają odgrywają kluczowa rolę w zapewnieniu bezpiecznych i higienicznych warunków pracy a zarządzający odgrywają najważniejszą rolę w przeciwdziałaniu wypadkom przy pracy. W artykule omówiono podstawowe problemy związane z niewłaściwą organizacją pracy jako przyczyną wypadków w gospodarce narodowej, w sekcji Przetwórstwo przemysłowe oraz w poszczególnych działach przetwórstwa w latach 2006-
Słowa kluczowe: zarządzanie bezpieczeństwem pracy, wypadki, przyczyny wypadków