POSITIONING OF PRE-UNIVERSITY EDUCATION INTO THE NATIONAL SYSTEM OF EDUCATION OF ROMANIA
Dima I.C., Man M., Ciurea V.*
Defining the pre-university educational institution as fundamental unit of the national pre-university educational system takes into account the social function of the pre-university educational institution in relation to the structures this can define in time and space.
The social function of the pre-university educational institution is determined by the teaching-learning-evaluating structure, based on: general pedagogic norms and principles, which, from a value point of view, orient the projects for organising the pre-university educational institution into the future; pedagogic programs socially accredited, stating a certain division of the work at the level of the pre-university educational institution; open pedagogic communication channels, providing the efficiency of the pre-university educational institution at a methodological level and in the durable relations with educative territorial and local communication.(JEL: I23, C51)
Key words: pre-university education, cybernetic patterns, management processes.
The systematic approach of the management processes, models accomplished based on thoroughly knowing the studied system allows the foundation of decisions for obtaining a good evolution of the system under conditions of perturbations. The model represents thusly a useful tool in evaluating the studied system.
When elaborating the economical-mathematical patterns, the economical theory has an especially important role as it formulates categories, the objective concepts and laws of the economical reality. The mathematical patterns can faithfully represent the economical phenomena only based on the economical theory.
The following types of models are known: verbal-descriptive patterns (used in all non-mathemized disciplines), mathematical patterns, physical patterns, analogical patterns (of the static or dynamic model type), graphic patterns etc.
Within the scientific management, during the last decades, the patterns are used in all variety of types that exist, thusly outlining more and more the tendency of particularly using the mathematical-cybernetic patterns, as consequence of their capacity of rigorously concentrating the base, as well as their opportunity of being solved by means of the electronic calculators.
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In order to eliminate as much as possible these deficiencies or to diminish their negative effect, the following restructuring measures are recommended: a new organisation of the cycles of education, as the current structure of education has major deficiencies, such as: it neglects the early education; it fragments the mandatory education of 10 years by a useless national exam, after 8 years etc.; the early education must become a public good and to be given special attention, by taking into account the fact that the state has systematically underestimated and marginalized the most important period of education, the early education, meaning the one between 0 - 6/7 years of age; it is necessary to implement a flexible curriculum and focused onto the competences necessary for personal development and economy of knowing, as the current curriculum is seen by all factors involved in the educational process as being overloaded and of low relevance for the adult life as well as for the labour market; the decentralisation and repositioning of the school in the local community must be accelerated, by taking into account the fact that the System of Education in Romania continues to be over-centralised, the educational units not having any competence in the construction of their own budget and any flexibility in executing it, although the assignment of the budget for education is based on the quota scattered from VAT and a non-transparent total is made by the Ministry of Finances; it is imperiously imposed to reform the policies in the domain of human resources, as the waging of the human resource is a very bad one, and the social prestige of the teacher has been dramatically reduced, which leads to a decrease of the interest in the didactic career; the encouragement of permanent education by taking actual measures, as the rate of participating in education during the entire course of life places Romania onto the last position in Europe, which shows that in Romania, the continuous learning is almost inexistent or it is the option of a minority aware of the competitive advantage such an education confers; etc.
 I.C. Dima (Coordinator), Managementul invatamantului preuniversitar, ( Arves Publishing House, Craiova, Romania 2007.
 M. Man, Eficienta activitatii manageriale in invatamantul preuniversitar, ( Arves Publishing House, Craiova, Romania 2008.
ZNACZENIE SREDNIEJ EDUKACJI W RUMUNSKIM NARODOWYM SYSTEMIE EDUKACJI
Okreslanie instytucji sredniej edukacyjnej jako podstawowej jednostki narodowego systemu edukacji sredniej nalezy uwzglednic funkcje spoleczna takiej instytucji w odniesieniu do struktur definiowanych w danym miejscu i czasie. Spoleczna funkcja instytucji sredniej edukacji jest okreslona przez strukture uczenie - nauczanie - ocenianie, oparta na: ogolnych normach pedagogicznych i zasadach, ktore z punktu widzenia wartosci ustalaja priorytety dla tych organizacji na przyszlosc; programach pedagogicznych akredytowanych spolecznie, wskazujac pewien podzial pracy w instytucji sredniej edukacji; otwartych pedagogicznych kanalach komunikacyjnych, ktore zapewniaja efektywnosc instytucji sredniej edukacji pod wzgledem metodologicznym i w powiazaniu z obszarami edukacyjnymi oraz lokalna komunikacja.