ROLE OF INNOVATIVE SUPPLY CHAIN PRACTICES AND TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT (TQM) ON PERFORMANCE OF INDIAN CEMENT MANUFACTURING FIRMS -
Rameshwar Dubey, Anindya Chakrabarty
In extremely turbulent situation when world faces major economic crisis then particularly Indian manufacturing sector had major set back. In such situation some of Indian cement sector has demonstrated healthy performance through innovative supply chain practices. In this study author conducted an empirical study to understand how innovative practices in supply chain in combination with TQM (Total Quality Management) can help firm to reduce cost and improve customer satisfaction which in turn reflect high profitability and better market share. Out of five proposed model four model is accepted and fifth model is not supported by regression analysis. The findings clearly reveal that Indian cement Industry is quite in nascent stage to adopt Innovative supply chain practices.
Keywords: Supply Chain Innovation, TQM, Cement Industry
India is the second largest producer producer of Cement after China. Because of its ideal geographical position and other advantages like abundant availability of raw materials and cheap labour. India is in ideal position to increase exports particularly to its neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Middle East countries, Africa and South East Asian countries. At present, 65-
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Regression analysis and findings clearly indicates there are some variables in Innovative Supply Chain practices and some variables in TQM (Total Quality Management) shows very weak correlation which indicates that Cement Industry in India particularly have not leveraged these tool effectively and efficiently. They have acquired these tools but it will take some years down the line to realize some tangible benefit. Here model 5 that is effect on EBIDTA is not supported. It by and large indicates that initial assumption of researcher based upon recent focus on operating profit of a firm (EBIDTA) is not supported here is probably that either innovative supply chain practices is not yet practiced due to lack of awareness as well TQM benefits are also not fully leveraged. There is an immense need for creating awareness and training so that this particular sector can leverage maximum benefit.
There are some limitations that need to be mentioned. Future studies are likely to benefit if some limitations of the present study are examined. First, studies on samples are seldom conducted without any intention to generalize the results to the whole population to which the samples belong . Not all sampling techniques allow this generalization. The most known, comprehensive and pervasive technique is perhaps the simple random sampling in which each possible sample of a given size is equally like to be the one selected . Second, perceptual performance was used in the study instead of objective measure. Although previous studies showed a positive association between objective and perceptual performance, the latter is not able to fully reflect the real firm performance . However, causality cannot be established without longitudinal data. Future research effort is urged to collect longitudinal data to confirm the causal relationship between four function's competencies and firm performance. Lastly, firm performance may be affected by various other extraneous variables not accounted for in this study. It would be beneficial to examine the myriad of firm performance by taking external conditions like the economic and legal situation into account.
Author specially expresses his thanks to two anonymous referees for their suggestions to improve this manuscript. It would be incomplete without expressing my gratitude to Editor and her Editorial team who took entire pain in coordinating with me during entire review process. It would be ungrateful on my part if I do not express my deep gratitude to my University Vice Chancellor Dr.Parag Diwan for providing all kind of support right from providing encouragement and motivation and to my respected teachers Prof.Tripti Singh, Prof.Geetika, Prof.Janat Shah, Prof.O.P.Gupta and Prof. Celik Parkan who took entire pain to support me during research. I am equally very grateful to my student Neha and Saurabh Tiwari who took great pain to support me during difficult moment of my career.
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ROLA INNOWACYJNYCH PRAKTYK W LANCUCHU DOSTAW I ZARZADZANIA PRZEZ JAKOSC A WYDAJNOSC INDYJSKICH PRZEDSIEBIORSTW WYTWARZAJACYCH CEMENT -
W wyjatkowo niespokojnych czasach, kiedy swait stawia czola powaznemu kryzysowi gospodarczemu, szczegolnie indyjski sektor wytworczy doswiadczyl powaznego zahamowania Pomimo takiej sytuacji, czesc indyjskiego sekora cementu wykazala dobra wydajnosc dzieki zastosowaniu innowacyjnych praktyk w lancuchu dostaw. W nieniejszej pracy autor przeprowadza badanie w celu zrozumienia jak innowacyjne praktyki w lancuchu dostaw w polaczeniu z zarzadzaniem przez jakosc (TQM) moze pomoc przedsiebiorstwu zredukowac koszty i poprawic satysfakcje klienta, co z kolei znajduje odzwierciedlenie w wysokiej rentownosci i wiekszym udziale w rynku. Z pieci zaproponowanych modeli cztery zostaly zaakceptowane, a piaty model nie jest wspierany przez analize regresji. Wyniki jasno wykazuja, ze przemysl indyjskiego cementu znajduje sie w stanie sprzyjajacym zastosowaniu innowacyjnych praktyk w lancuchu dostaw