SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL PROBLEMS IN ARIES URBAN COMMUNITY FROM CLUJ COUNTY
Scortar L.M., Veres Vincentiu M.M., Anamaria M. *
In many technological societies, after the Industrial Revolution the problem of solid waste was appeared because of changing the consumption pattern of society. The part of solid waste which is related to the municipality is called municipal solid waste.
Key words: solid waste, management, disposal.
Waste management has more and more become an important issue for the entire world, the waste humans are producing are now almost reaching a breaking-
According to the EU strategy for waste management, the priority order for waste management options is as follow: reduction of waste, reusing of used material, recycling of used materials, recovering of energy from waste and the last option is land filling of waste.
These kinds of waste encompass packaging, food waste, bottles including PET & glass, cans, papers and agricultural wastes are the wastes which are unwanted and useless for all inhabitants during their life.
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These implementations demonstrate the difficulties faced by local authorities, based on two broad categories of institutional problems:
Investment of 4.7 million euro from the County Council budget was finally ineffective. Power Pack machines purchased in 2002 without bidding, and which cost the county government budget of 4.7 million euro are physically and morally worn today without the work since 2005, although they arrived at Campia Turzii based on waste management strategy that County Council (CJ) had in 2004.
Now, that strategy is abandoned, thereby wasting significant amounts and time. In Eco-
What to reflect about?
Considering the problems outlined above, we believe there is a need to implement an integrated waste management system that could solve some problems.
The operations within any waste management system are clearly interconnected. The collection and sorting method employed, for example, will affect the ability to recover materials or produce marketable compost. Similarly, recovery of materials from the waste stream may affect the viability of energy recovery schemes. It is necessary, therefore, to consider the entire waste management system in a holistic way.
What is required is an overall system that is both economically and environmentally sustainable. The main principles in designing a sustainable solid waste management system are:
1. Aim for the following:
2. The system should be:
3. Take care to:
4. Never stop looking for improvements in overall environmental performance and methods to lower operating costs.
Remember that there is no perfect system.
The holistic approach (Forbes R McDougall et.al, 2003) has three main advantages:
1. It gives the overall picture of the waste management process. Such a view is essential for
strategic planning. Handling of each waste stream separately is inefficient.
2. Environmentally, all waste management systems are part of the same system -
3. Economically, each individual unit in the waste management chain should run at a profit, or at least break even. Therefore, within the boundaries controlled by each operator, the financial incomes must at least match the outgoings. By looking at the wider boundaries of the whole system, however, it is possible to determine whether the whole system operates efficiently and whether it could run at break even, or even at a profit. Only then can all the constituent parts be viable, provided that income is divided up appropriately in relation to costs.
 Almorza D., Brebbia C.A., Sale D. and Popov V., Waste Management and the Environment, Bookcraft, Bath, UK, 2002.
 Negrea A., Cocheci L., Pode R., Managementul integrat al deseurilor solide orasenesti, Ed. POLITEHNICA, Timisoara, Colectia Protectia Mediului; 2007.
 Paunescu I., Atudorei A., Gestiunea deseurilor urbane, Editura MATRIX ROM Bucuresti; 2002.
 McDougall F.R., White P.R, Franke M., Hindle P., Integrated Solid Waste Management: A Life Cycle Inventory, second edition, Blackwell Publishing, 2003.
 Environmental Impact Study: Rehabilitation of inter zonal ramp Campia Turzii -
 Aries Urban Community Association’s Statute.
 Opportunity study for delegating management of sanitation services in the city of Turda, GPA Business Consulting, August 2009.
 Feasibility study for objective monitoring ramp closing and household waste on the Cheii street in Turda city.
 EUROPEAID 123053/D/SER/RO: „ Technical assistance for the preparation of five projects in environmental sector in Romania in "Solid Waste Management System” -
 Description of project „ECO Campia Turzii” available online at:www.campiaturzii.ro
 „ECO Campia-
 „Recycle for a cleaner city! available online at:
PROBLEMY ZWIAZANE Z USUWANIEM ODPADOW STALYCH NA TERENIE GMINY MIEJSKIEJ ARIES W HRABSTWIE CLUJ
Po zakonczeniu Rewolucji Przemyslowej, w wielu spoleczenstwach technologicznych pojawil sie problem odpadow stalych spowodowany zmiana wzorca konsumpcyjnego. Czesc odpadow stalych ktore odnosza sie do samorzadu miejskiego nazywamy komunalnymi odpadami stalymi. Artykul podejmuje problematyke ich gospodarowania w gminie Aries w Hrabstwie Cluj.