Study on Romanian Training Requirements Needed to Develop an Occupational Safety and Health Consultant Career in the European Union - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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Study on Romanian Training Requirements Needed to Develop an Occupational Safety and Health Consultant Career in the European Union

Abstracts > Vol 9

Moraru R.I., Băbuţ G.B.,  Goldan T., Popescu Stelea M.

Abstract: Controlling occupational injuries and illnesses and related costs is a top priority in most companies. Selecting a qualified professional to participate in the workplace safety and health activities can be a vital step in this process, allowing the development of professional careers in this field. The present paper aims at identifying the requirements and skills that Romanian education and training system should develop for Occupational Safety and Health consultants, in order to formulate a training methodology draft as a basis for the establishment of a unique occupational standard, which will facilitate access to an European OSH professional career. Our goal is to launch a meaningful debate and reflection, to involve all the stakeholders in integrating the occupational health and safety topic in the university curricula and practice.

Key words: Occupational Safety and Health (OSH), training, consultant, career path


The central objective, established in Lisbon in 2000, to turn the European Union into the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy, with more jobs and better and higher social inclusion, is one of the major challenges that prompted Member States to engage in more extensive reform processes in order to achieve these objectives. In conditions of globalization, labour market in Romania has to answer the need for companies to adapt permanently to increase competitiveness. For this reason the employment policies must contain the results of constant collaboration with business, workers and representatives of professional associations, for the effective regulation of labour relations [9].
In Romania, on October 1, 2006, entered into force law No 319/2006-Health and Safety Law fully transposing the European Union framework directive 89/391/EEC. It lays down the General principles and the rights and obligations of employers and workers in order to ensure the health and safety conditions in the workplace as well as the measures to be taken by employers for this purpose. An essential component of sustainable development based on the integrated approach of the concepts of flexibility and security on the labour market is to promote investment in human resources.
Career development issues are aimed at initiating measures designed to change the culture of employers, for the purposes of orientation towards investment in human resources, in order to ensure business sustainability and adaptation to the new challenges of competition. Modernization and improvement of education and vocational training will ensure initial and ongoing general prerequisites for providing the skills required on the labour market [8].
Increasing the capacity of technical and vocational education of adapting to labour market requirements, will require intensified efforts to redefine goals and learning content so that graduates have the skills required by employers. Higher education is a key element in the development of the knowledge-based society, while universities are leading providers of high-skilled work force. In efforts to restructure and modernise higher education, recent advances have been made in terms of institutional framework and methodological support for the development of the National Framework of Qualifications in higher education and quality assurance. Development of the system of in-service teacher education is carried out on the principle of social partnerships by supporting the establishment and operation of sectoral committees. The social partners are involved in the definition and validation of qualifications, as well as in the process of approval

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Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians, also known as OHS professionals help prevent harm to workers, property, the environment, and the general public. For example, they might design safe work spaces, inspect machines, or test air quality. In addition to making workers safer, specialists and technicians aim to increase worker productivity by reducing absenteeism and equipment downtime and to save money by lowering insurance premiums and workers' compensation payments. Some specialists and technicians work for governments, conducting safety inspections and imposing fines.   Some specialists, often called loss prevention specialists, work for insurance companies, inspecting the facilities that they insure and suggesting and helping to implement improvements.  
Through a unique approach at the European level, i.e. by defining minimum requirements and competencies for a "qualified consultant", the OHS training process can be improved through:
uniform European approach;
common certification of skills, making it possible to conduct specific activities of OSH in all EU countries;
management and employee awareness regarding the integrated approach to process management and total management of the company as a tool for sustainable development;
adaptation to the European quality level of qualification and training establishments; the process of validation and certification requests can take place through a transparent, rigorous and objective verification of the entire structure of OSH training in Romania, at all levels, using external assessors.
Education and training have become more important than ever to support people to choose the path to permanent career success. Lifelong learning opens up the prospect of building a fulfilled life and full of satisfaction, with positive effects on the economic and social environment. A modular system of continuing vocational training in the field of safety and health at work makes it easier to obtain by persons of partial or full qualifications, both through participation in training programmes in the field of safety and health at work and on the basis of accreditation of prior learning.
This system should be built on a coherent National Framework of Qualifications in the field of safety and health at work to ensure national recognition of skills and qualifications acquired through work experience or in formal, non-formal or informal, learning contexts, thus promoting the coherent learning paths enabling people to continuously improve their skills and to acquire formal qualifications when necessary.
A modular and flexible system of continuous professional development in the field of safety and health at work should be based on a system of evaluation and recognition of professional competences which allow to follow different paths to acquire or update thereto, necessary to cope with the changes in the occupational environment.
Unlike other areas, a centralized, efficient and operational at the national level in the field of OSH education and training, coupled with professional insurance systems to the professional risk would be beneficial for Romania.


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providers of adult training and assessment skills. As an example of good practice in this area, there are relevant documents at european level relating to workers involved in OSH (qualified consultants), such as CEN CWA 16275/March 2011  as well as the tools, techniques and new methods of training in the field (ENETOSH, aimed at providing on European level specialized training for each person, via e-learning, as well as the approaches of iNTegRisk - FP7 programme concerning new and emerging risk management) [3].
In this context it becomes mandatory to identify the requirements and the necessary skills for OSH professionals, while formulating a draft methodology for their training based on CEN CWA 16275 [3].
The ultimate goal of this study would be to establish an occupational standard for a unique competence "qualified consultant" (recognised at EU level) and who should replace the existing qualifications in the Romanian Classification of Occupations; it would be substantiate such a modern training methodology allowing the use of online resources until the passage of the entire educational process of OSH in on-line mode and developing a specialised body of Competent Authority (i.e. the Labour Inspectorate) for granting uniform occupational qualification certificates of "qualified consultant, with European recognition.


Streszczenie: Kontrolowanie wypadków przy pracy i chorób oraz związanych z tym kosztów jest priorytetem w większości firm. Wybór wykwalifikowanego specjalisty do udziału w działaniach dotyczących bezpieczeństwa i ochrony zdrowia w miejscu pracy, może być ważnym krokiem w tym procesie, pozwalając na rozwój karier zawodowych na tym polu. Niniejszy artykuł ma na celu określenie wymagań i umiejętności, jakie rumuński system edukacji szkoleń powinien opracować dla konsultantów Bezpieczeństwa i Higieny Pracy, w celu sformułowania projektu metodologii szkoleń jako podstawy do ustanowienia unikalnego standardu pracy, który ułatwi dostęp do Europejskiej kariery zawodowej BHP. Naszym celem jest zainicjowanie znaczącej debaty i refleksji, w celu zaangażowania wszystkich zainteresowanych stron w integrację w temacie bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy w programie nauczania i praktyce uniwersyteckiej.

Słowa kluczowe: Bezpieczeństwo i Higiena Pracy (BHP), szkolenie, konsultant, ścieżka kariery.

关键字: 职业安全及健康 (奥什)、 培训、 顾问、 职业生涯路径。

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