THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CRISIS MANAGEMENT’S LOGISTICS SUPPORT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Abstract: Crisis management is a very important part of public safety. Its history has been changing over the last ten years, starting from the political changes, through various changes of its structural services, to the challenges have been put by all atmospheric phenomena in recent years. These changes caused that all services, after the years of theoretical discusses over the strategic documents, must be proceeded to implement them in practice. Today, in general, we can say that having a wealth of practical experience, it is possible to undertake the evaluation of the effectiveness in this area of public policy. The purpose of this paper is an attempt to assess the logistics support as key element of crisis management systems. Based on the assessment, becomes possible run the actions in purpose to evaluate the system. Irrelevant is here to judge the services from the subjective and political point of view only, but first of all, consider the implementation of an effective assessment model, which allows to approach to this such very important problem in the most objective way.
Keywords: crisis management, logistics
The current basic legal act in the field of crisis management in Poland, is the Act of 26 th April 2007 on Crisis Management, Journal of Laws No 89, item 590. Act defines the crisis management term and divides the actions competencies taken by various level of administration structures. In the further part of this paper, I will try to briefly present the basic terms and principles of operation of the existing system.
Crisis management is a particularly organizational project, which includes: managing, administration and managing the society or the part of it during the crisis situation. Occurs during natural disasters, industrial and technical accidents (in the peace time) or the war threat. Is being taken and used when all above threats occur. In current practice, on all crisis management levels, the following phases are separated: preventing – connected with the elimination actions, reducing or limiting the effects of potential threats, preparation – related with the earlier projects planned in case of threat or disaster occurrence and increase of human force and means used in rescue action; responding – which main target is to directly help victims and reducing the loss and damage, reconstruction – as a kind of material and moral projects aimed at restoring (at least) the previous state.
The universal term of crisis management, introduced by the Act on Crisis Management, is defined as: “activity of public administration authorities as an element of managing national security management system, which consist of preventing crisis situations, preparing to take control over them by way of planned activities, responding in case of emergencies, removal of their effect and the reconstruction of the resources and critical infrastructure”. ...
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This material is only a preliminary analysis of approach to evaluating the logistics management systems effectiveness in crisis situations. At the moment we do not lack practical events, who have been successfully realized, both from practical and media, point of view. Therefore it is never as good that it could not be better. The more is important that all events are well published by the media, who not necessarily show the objective state and factual state. In such cases mistakes and weaknesses should be eliminated, which realization improves the efficiency of actions . It is worth to promote good cases and exchange the experience. It is better to gain an experience on cases, who took place outside the area on where we live, work and manage. Experience in the field of crisis management is a value, which we cannot test in the laboratory. Only careful analysis of the occurred cases and working out an effective effectiveness evaluation system, it is, for us the possibility to improve the quality of crisis management.
EFEKTYWNOŚĆ ZARZĄDZANIA KRYZYSOWEGO DLA WSPARCIA LOGISTYCZNEGO W SAMORZĄDACH
Streszczenie: Celem tego opracowania jest próba oceny wsparcia logistycznego jako kluczowego elementu systemów zarządzania kryzysowego. Na podstawie oceny można rozpocząć działania ewaluujące ten system. Nie istotne jest tutaj dokonywanie jedynie subiektywnych i politycznych osądów służb, ale przede wszystkim rozważenie wdrożenia skutecznego modelu oceny pozwalającego w sposób jak najbardziej obiektywny podejść do tego jak bardzo ważnego problemu.
Słowa kluczowe: zarządzanie kryzysowe, logistyka
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