THE NEED for ETHICAL REASONING in OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH and SAFETY MANAGEMENT a ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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THE NEED for ETHICAL REASONING in OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH and SAFETY MANAGEMENT a ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE

Abstracts > Vol 8

THE NEED FOR ETHICAL REASONING IN OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT: A ROMANIAN PERSPECTIVE
Moraru R.I., Munteanu R., Popescu Stelea M.


Abstract:
There is always an ethical dimension insufficiently explored beyond the list of identified causes of occupational accidents. This leads to a sequence of inappropriate or wrong decisions, adopted at the organizational, human and/or technical level, , leading to tragic events, often with consequent loss of lives. Appropriate risk management is not only necessary for the development of techniques and processes, but also required for considering the "human nature" at the organizational level. It is also necessary to establish appropriate mechanisms to reconcile the public interest with the risk management process. This paper proposes an analysis of the moral values and principles applied in decision - making and carrying out actions that will increase the occupational safety and health. Since there is no single answer to the question of safety, the purpose of this paper is to systematize a number of alternatives and ways to guide judgments on some fundamental aspects of occupational health and safety management in Romania .

Keywords: ethical principles, decision - making, occupational health and safety, risk management

Introduction

A basic aspect of the security management regards the fundamental human values, such as human life protection, property, dignity, personal liberty protection, as well as the protection of the needs associated with the sustainable development [2]. In the process of treating the issue of occupational risks, the moral aspects cannot be avoided. The main questions are the same: What are the causes of the accidents at work? And, more important, what do we have to do in order to avoid them? Is it necessary to develop new methods of risk management? Is it necessary to elaborate new instruments for risk analysis? Is it necessary to adopt a more restrictive legislation? No doubt, every aspect mentioned above must be included, but it will not be enough.
In this article we wish to explore the different faces of the risk management, the technical and human aspects in a perspective that has been neglected or treated as subsidiary in the literature so far, i.e. from ethical point of view. Indeed, all the accidents have a human cause, i.e. regardless the number of laws, rules and standards available, the minor or major industrial accidents will continue to happen, because the human beings are not infallible. Both at individual level and at organisational level it will be necessary to take more into account the aspects related to the human nature. The proper mechanisms will have to become operational in order to reconcile “the public interest with the risk management”. Thus, it will be necessary to define, implement and improve a series of processes and, most important, to provide guidelines for the managers.

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References

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POTRZEBA ETYCZNEGO ZASTOSOWANIA ZARZĄDZANIA BEZPIECZEŃSTWEM I HIGIENĄ PRACY: PERSPEKTYWA RUMUNII

Streszczenie: Zawsze występuje pewien etyczny wymiar, jakim jest niedostatecznie zbadanie przyczyn, które nie znajdują się na liście zidentyfikowanych przyczyn wypadków przy pracy. Prowadzi to do sekwencji niewłaściwych lub błędnych decyzji, przyjętych na organizacyjnym, ludzkim i / lub technicznym poziomie, co prowadzi do tragicznych wydarzeń, a często, w konsekwencji utraty życia. Właściwe zarządzanie ryzykiem jest nie tylko konieczne do rozwoju technik i procesów, ale również, biorąc pod uwagę wymagania "natury ludzkiej", na poziomie organizacyjnym. Konieczne jest także ustanowienie odpowiednich mechanizmów, aby móc pogodzić interes publiczny z procesem zarządzania ryzykiem. W artykule proponuję analizę wartości i zasad moralnych, stosowanych w decyzji - podejmowanie i prowadzenie działań, które zwiększą bezpieczeństwo i higienę pracy. Ponieważ nie ma jednej odpowiedzi na pytanie dotyczące bezpieczeństwa, celem tego artykułu jest usystematyzowanie szeregu alternatyw i sposobów przeprowadzenia oceny niektórych podstawowych aspektów zarządzania bezpieczeństwem i higieną pracy w Rumunii .

Słowa kluczowe: zasady etyczne, podejmowanie decyzji, bezpieczeństwo i higiena pracy, zarządzanie ryzykiem


道德推理在職業健康與安全管理的必要性:羅馬尼亞視角

摘要:總是有不夠探索超越的鑑定職業事故原因列表中的倫理維度。這導致的不當或錯誤的決定,在組織,人力和/或技術層面採用,從而導致悲劇事件的順序,往往與人的生命因此而喪失。適當的風險管理不僅是必要的技術和工藝的發展,但也需要考慮“人性”在組織層面。也有必要建立適當的機制,以協調公共利益與風險管理過程。本文提出了在決策施加的道德價值觀和原則的分析 - 制定和執行行動,將加大職業安全和健康。既然有安全問題沒有唯一的答案,本文的目的是系統化了一些替代品和方法來指導在羅馬尼亞職業健康和安全管理的一些基本方面的判斷。
關鍵詞:道德原則,決策 - 決策,職業健康和安全,風險管理。


 
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