Polish Journal of Management Studies
 ISSN 2081-7452
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Abstracts > Vol 8

Csiminga D, Moraru R.I., Cioca L.I.

Abstract: The growing importance of the knowledge based economy, globalization, ageing population, urbanization and the evolution of social structures all these are accelerating the pace of change in the labor market and in the field of required skills. To fully exploit the potential for economic recovery, strategies for education, training and employment are playing an important role which should focus on increasing and adapting skills and improve training opportunities at all levels, to promote highly skilled workforce and caring to economys needs and facilitate youth access to the labor market. This paper highlights the role that the younger generation has to play to ensure sustainable development of the economy of tomorrow and the importance of education in ensuring a successful career.

education, competence, labor market inclusion, rising generation


Education and training was both within the central objectives of the Lisbon agenda for growth and jobs, and the newer 2020 Strategy - Agenda for new skills and jobs. As a matter of fact one of the key initiatives in the European Union - "New Skills for New Jobs: Anticipating and matching labor market and skills required" aims [2]:
to promote better anticipation of demand for skills;
to obtain a better match of skills with labor market needs;
to closer link the educational with the professional environment.
Over time, many scientists have studied and developed theoretical models suggesting that educational level is, potentially, a determinant key of economic growth and social development [1].
The classical theory of human capital has had and exerts continuously a great influence in determining educational policies and their correlation with the demands of the labor market, showing that in any economy, labor market performance depends largely on the correlation of education and initial occupational training with the labor market needs [3].
The convergent evolution of the labor force preparation for a competitive labor market is distorted at times by a certain inadequacy of Romanian education system
s offer, found himself on the one hand, in a natural metamorphosis caused by seclusion in which he was maintained for so many years, and on the other hand, in a process of adaptation to European standards. [9]

more in full version


Reforms initiated in our country since 1990 aimed essentially creating a competitive, reliable and sustainable market economy, , in which labor plays a crucial role. Labor market conditions in Romania are particularly difficult, although the unemployment rate is not necessarily high compared to the EU average, but unemployment is asymmetric, affecting especially young people.
Number of young people who are facing difficulties when trying to access the labor market and to develop a sustainable career is increasing in almost all Romanian regions. In general they lack professional skills, information and connections to help them finding a job or to support them in developing a long-term career. This raises questions about the capacity of the education system in Romania, as well as regarding the lack of firmness of education and ongoing training to create a competitive workforce.
Therefore increasing relevance of education and professional training towards labor market needs to be a major objective pursued in educational policy  development and the activities of education providers. Finally, employers may take the initiative in terms of stimulating young people's potential on the labor market, investing in improving the capacity and skills of young people so that they will build a career success on the employment market. These investments can materialize in various forms, from volunteering within different institutions, to conduct training programs for young people.
It is the role of students and active people to take a proactive approach in their professional development, but we see that the educational experiences and the work can facilitate or
on the contrary -  inhibit learning, critical and reflective attitude.
Therefore it is required an extensive dialogue and coordination of actions in a dynamic process that facilitates education of workforce in the positive spirit of development and lifelong learning


[1]. Ciuhureanu A., Skills and competencies for labor market integration (in Romanian), Universitatea Româno-Germană Sibiu, 2011
[2]. Commission Europeene,  New Skills for new jobs: anticipating and matching labor market and skills needs, EU Commission, Brussels, 2008.
[3]. Dragolea L., Diaconescu D.A., Educational Quality Management, Polish Association of Information Society, Gliwice, Poland, 2012
[4]. Institutul Naţional de Statistică, Romania in figure 2012 (in Romanian),
[5]. Isăilă Ş., Miron A., Andrei D., The relationship between education and lifelong learning and labor market  (in Romanian), Permanent Technical Secretariat Northwest Regional Pact for Employment and Social Inclusion, Cluj Napoca, 2011,, Access on 17.03.2013
[6]. Manpower, Manpower Employment Outlook Service Romania (in Romanian), Q3 2012
[7]. Manpower, Younger generation - Success of tomorrow's economy, (in Romanian), 64568f804b8143 159fb4bf1abeefe959/Generatia+tanara+-+succesul+economiei+de+maine .pdf?MOD= AJPERES, Avves on 15.03.2013
[8]. Mascherini M., Young people and NEETs in Europe: First findings, Eurofound, Dublin, 2012
[9]. Mihai C.V., Human capital development in Romania in the accession process to the European Union. A comparative-historical perspective (in Romanian), Ph.D. Thesys, University of Bucharest, 2010
[10]. Multi Counsulting Group S.R.L., Prospective study on skilled labor force demand, (in Romanian), 0persp ectiva%20privind%20necesarul%20de%20forta%20de%20munca%20calificata.pdf, Acces on 26.03.2013
[11]. Pop A., Tănase I. s.a. Young people and labor market inclusion, needs, expectations, solutions, obstacles , (in Romanian), Bucharest , 2010
[12]. Suciu M.C., Intangible assets and intellectual capital - factors of convergence, (in Romanian), National Institute of Economic Research, Series Working Papers nr. 7, București, 2008
[13]. European Foundation for the improvement of Living and Working Condition, Best days of their lives -Youth in Europa, Foundation Focus, Issue 11, June 2012
[14]. Eurofound (2011), Youth and work, Foundation Findings, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
[15]., Access on 11.03.2013
[16]., Access on 21.03.2013
[17].,  Access on 27.03.2013.



Rosnące znaczenie gospodarki opartej na wiedzy, globalizacja, starzenie się społeczeństwa, urbanizacja i ewolucja struktur społecznych, to wszystko przyspiesza tempo zmian na rynku pracy i w zakresie wymaganych umiejętności. Aby w pełni wykorzystać możliwości ożywienia gospodarczego, strategie kształcenia, szkolenia i zatrudnienia powinny odgrywają ważną rolę, która powinna koncentrować się na zwiększaniu i dostosowaniu umiejętności i poprawy szkoleń na wszystkich poziomach, aby promować wysoko wykwalifikowaną siłę roboczą, dbanie o potrzeby gospodarki i ułatwienie młodzieży dostępu do rynku pracy. Artykuł ten podkreśla rolę jaką młodsze pokolenie ma do odegrania, w celu zapewnienia zrównoważonego rozwoju gospodarki jutra i znaczenia edukacji w zapewnieniu kariery.

Słowa kluczowe: edukacja, kompetencje, włączenie do rynku pracy, dojrzewające pokolenie

本SINERGETIC教育 - 培訓 - 就業TRIAD:物價穩定措施年輕一代的潛力


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