The Strategy of the Development of the Higher Education in Poland on the Warsaw University of Technology Example - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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The Strategy of the Development of the Higher Education in Poland on the Warsaw University of Technology Example

Abstracts > Vol 9

THE STRATEGY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION IN POLAND ON THE WARSAW UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY EXAMPLE
Padlowska A.

Abstract: The education   is the main   factor increasing   human capital It has undoubtedly changed over time and exactly these changes have affected the development of the higher education and its strategies. Both public   and private universities orient   their activities  
to improve the   quality of the education. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the strategy for the development of the higher education in Poland. The article presents several external   conditions of the functioning   of the Polish universities and the important  factors
for the development of the higher education and its strategies. Eventually, it also illustrates t he   two-way   nature of the links   between   the university and   its   environment and  discusses  the Warsaw University of Technology   Development Strategy   for 2020.

Key words: higher education, higher education in Poland, higher education development, higher education development strategies,  environment of the universities

Introduction


“Higher education , just like the  education   in general,   is a particular   interest generally having characteristics both  of  the private and   the public good.  Generally , however,   it has   features of the mixed   good called substance   good .  It consists  
in the fact that   even if it is   delivered   privately   through the market ,  the state supports   its   delivery   and its use through the tax system ,  subsidies   or   appropriate   regulations, because of the   positive externalities   of these   good. (…) The education   is the main   factor increasing   human capital , which, in turn,  is the most important   factor in  the  economic development. The education has   also   autotelic value ,  moreover,  it  strengthens   social cohesion,   promotes the development   of democracy and   has many other   positive effects.” [9., p.81] Nowadays,  the  higher education   ceases to be an   elite good .  Both public   and private universities orient   their activities , inter alia,  to improve the   quality of the education. The competition
for   extra-budgetary funds (that  share  in the revenue structure   of universities   increases) increases and   the public university management   can be compared   with the large company management . [10, p.15] “For thirty years , because of  the public sector   reform   in the OECD
s countries,   the changes   in the management   of this sector   entities  have been happening, including the public  universities   ( universities). The  changes of the universities management system have intensified  
in the nineties   of the last century ,  after the Bologna   Charter announcement   in 1999 . The  European universities   have been facing   major reforms   in the education area   ( teaching), the  researches, and   at the same time   dealing with their   activities
and   the better use of resources   necessity and achieving   greater efficiency.”
[7, p.25]. The rising expectations   for the higher education
are not only   related
to the   Bologna Declaration ,  the purpose of which   was to create  the  European Higher Education Area   for   2010.,   but also with   the Copenhagen   Declaration  
of 2002 .  and   the Lisbon Strategy   of 2000 . [6., p.180] To withstood the   challenges   posed   in front of the higher education it is necessary to   achieve   such a   level of the higher education quality   that   stand the test of  the  international comparisons . It also becomes necessary to   improve the management ,  increase the   rank
of   the responsibility of the university,   as well as  to  increase the funding  
and  to  differentiate  the  financing sources and   guarantee   of the higher education stable funding. [15.] In   the view of the rapid   development and the   competitive   realities   of higher education, the necessity of   modernization and   demographic decline that has been   ongoing for several years,   taking   the issue of   the universities development strategies in   Poland,   finds its   rationalization .

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Summary

The purpose of this paper was to discuss the strategy for the development
of the higher education in Poland. Several external conditions of the functioning
of the Polish universities were presented in this article. The important factors
for the development of the higher education and its strategies were analyzed
and the Warsaw University of Technology Development Strategy for 2020 was discussed. The two-way nature of the links between the university and its environment was discussed and a model of the Warsaw University of Technology Development Strategy illustrated in the form of the Strategic House was presented in this article.
The demographic decline, which is struggling Polish higher education, should be an opportunity for its development. If the appropriate changes in the systemic and institutional transformation will be done, than the low number of students can be a stimulus for changes in the higher education area. These changes should relate primarily to the quality of education and strengthen the position of the Polish higher education in the international arena. In the view of the low demographic that has already touched Polish universities, there is a rising option to reduce the number of the universities as a result of their consolidation and elimination of the market institutions these, which are devoid of their own resources and have a small number of students. The higher education missions should be more varied. As a result, the universities could better adapt its offers to the growing demands of the environment. [11, p.101] The Strategy for the development of the higher education in Poland for 2020 gives a hope for the development of Polish higher education. It shows the opportunities and reveals new directions for the development and functioning of the higher education and becomes a kind of foundation on which each university can base their business plan for the nearest years. The higher education development is synonymous with the development of the whole knowledge sector and directly translates into accelerated development of the country. Changes in the Polish higher education need to concerted work - not just the universities’. The education has changed over time and exactly these changes have affected the development of the higher education and its strategies. The extremely important factors for the development of the higher education and its strategies are: the universities and the environment cooperation and the government, the parliament and the academic and scientific communities cooperation. Everything that is new - is of interest to people. Something that is new, may also sometimes raise some concerns, sometimes it may give a hope.
The Strategy for the development of the higher education in Poland for 2020 is a blend of these feelings. It is undoubtedly an ambitious plan, but if the Polish universities will treat it as a guide to build their long-term strategies, it has a chance to contribute to a large positive changes in the area of the higher education, and thus - in the entire knowledge sector.


References

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STRATEGIA ROZWOJU SZKOLNICTWA WYŻSZEGO W POLSCE NA PRZYKŁADZIE POLITECHNIKI WARSZAWSKIEJ


Streszczenie: Edukacja jest głównym czynnikiem zwiększającym kapitał ludzki.  Niewątpliwie zmieniła się ona w czasie i dokładnie te zmiany wpłynęły na rozwój szkolnictwa wyższego i jego strategii. Zarówno uczelnie publiczne, jak i prywatne ukierunkowują swoje działania w celu poprawy jakości edukacji. Celem niniejszego artykułu jest omówienie strategii na rzecz rozwoju szkolnictwa wyższego w Polsce.
W artykule przedstawiono szereg warunków zewnętrznych funkcjonowania polskich uczelni i ważnych czynników dla rozwoju szkolnictwa wyższego i jego strategii. Ostatecznie, artykuł ilustruje również dwukierunkowy charakter powiązań między uczelnią a jej otoczeniem i omawia Strategię Rozwoju Politechniki Warszawskiej  na rok 2020.
Słowa kluczowe: wykształcenie wyższe, wykształcenie wyższe w Polsce, rozwój szkolnictwa wyższego, strategie rozwoju szkolnictwa wyższego, środowisko szkół wyższych.


高等教育在波兰华沙技术大学为例的发展战略
摘要: 教育是提高人力资本它无疑改变了随着时间的推移和确切地变化,影响到高等教育和其战略发展的主要因素。公立和私立大学东方其活动,以提高教育的质量。本文件的目的是讨论在波兰高等教育的发展战略。本文介绍几种外部条件的运作的波兰的大学和高等教育和其战略发展的重要因素。最终,它还阐释了双向性质的大学和它的环境之间的联系,并讨论 2020 年的华沙技术大学发展战略。
关键词: 高等教育、 高等教育在波兰,高等教育的发展,高等教育发展战略,大学的环境。



 
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