THE USE OF IT SYSTEMS SUPPORTING THE REALIZATION OF BUSINESS PROCESSES IN ENTERPRISES AND SUPPLY CHAINS IN POLAND - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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THE USE OF IT SYSTEMS SUPPORTING THE REALIZATION OF BUSINESS PROCESSES IN ENTERPRISES AND SUPPLY CHAINS IN POLAND

Abstracts > Vol 10.2

THE USE OF IT SYSTEMS SUPPORTING THE REALIZATION
OF BUSINESS PROCESSES IN ENTERPRISES AND SUPPLY CHAINS IN POLAND
Mesjasz-Lech A.

Abstract: In the dynamically changing environment, businesses increasingly cooperate within the framework of a supply chain which coordinates and integrates processes. Such tasks can be realized through the implementation of appropriate IT systems, especially those for resource planning in individual enterprises and those for supply chains management in systems of enterprises. The goal of the article is to analyze of the level of use of IT technologies in resource planning and supply chain management in the sector of small, medium and large-sized businesses in Poland. We look closely at the following variables: the number of enterprises using ERP software packages for transmitting information between different departments (e.g., accounting, marketing, production), and the number of enterprises using information technology in supply chain management. The years 2010-2012 is the analyzed period.

Key words
: supply chain, supply chain management systems, enterprises resource planning

Introduction
Businesses nowadays are increasingly looking for cooperation opportunities in order to improve their efficiency and effectiveness. They show some inclination to sharing the risk with their partners. An accepted method of cooperation can minimize the risk on one hand and determine the management tools and methods on the other. The supply chain is one of the ways in which businesses can cooperate. Supply chains can have various structures to fit the type of functions of their participants, e.g. operational activity, marketing activity, the achieved results. (Dass and Fox, 2011).
One of the main challenges in supply chains management is the distribution of profits and benefits among participants. This requires an effective information flow which is vital for the process of economic integration (Ding et al., 2011). The exchange and management of information is possible through supply chain management (SCM) systems. They are based on applications with integrated information concerning the functioning of individual members of a supply chain and the integration of information is realized with help of enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. The article points to the common problems connected with IT systems supporting resource planning in an enterprise and information management in supply chains.

full version

Conclusions
Cooperation of companies within a supply chain is possible thanks to the implementation of appropriate IT tools. The basic IT systems used in the realization of business processes are the SCM systems based on ERP systems which are the source of data for SCM applications. Polish firms use them on different scales which is connected with their size which determines their readiness for the participation in supply chains and implementation of proper IT systems. Although it is the large-sized enterprises that use the ERP and SCM systems most often, the biggest dynamics in this area is observed in the group of small enterprises. In 2012 more than half of large-sized enterprises were using IT tools for the supply chain management and more than 40% of them implemented the ERP system. Yet in the period of 2008-2012 it is the small firms sector where we see the biggest annual average increase in the use of IT tools, mostly for resource planning. We should also point out that because of the big percentage of small enterprises in all enterprises (80%) it is this group of enterprises that has the biggest share in the number of both enterprises using ERP software packages for transmitting information between different department, and enterprises using information technology in supply chain management. It seems that the significance of small enterprises in the cooperation within supply chain will continue to grow and they will be implementing IT systems supporting business processes in
a supply chain more and more often.

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WYKORZYSTANIE SYSTEMÓW INFORMATYCZNYCH WSPOMAGAJĄCYCH REALIZACJĘ PROCESÓW BIZNESOWYCH W PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWIE I ŁAŃCUCHU DOSTAW W POLSCE


Streszczenie: W dynamicznie zmieniającym się otoczeniu przedsiębiorstwa coraz częściej podejmują współpracę w ramach łańcucha dostaw, którego głównym zadaniem jest integracja i koordynacja procesów. Zadanie to może zostać zrealizowane jedynie dzięki implementacji odpowiednich systemów informatycznych, a w szczególności systemów planowania zasobów na poziomie pojedynczego przedsiębiorstwa i systemów zarządzania łańcuchem dostaw na poziomie całej sieci podmiotów. Celem artykułu jest analiza stopnia wykorzystania technologii informacyjnych w planowaniu zasobów i w zarządzaniu łańcuchem dostaw przez małe, średnie i duże przedsiębiorstwa w Polsce. Badaniu poddano następujące dwie zmienne: liczbę przedsiębiorstw wykorzystujących pakiety oprogramowania ERP w celu przekazywania informacji pomiędzy różnymi obszarami działalności przedsiębiorstwa (np. księgowością, marketingiem, produkcją) oraz liczbę przedsiębiorstw prowadzących elektroniczną wymianę informacji dotyczących zarządzania łańcuchem dostaw. Badaniem objęto lata 2010-2012.
Słowa kluczowe: łańcuch dostaw, system zarządzania łańcuchem dostaw, planowanie zasobów przedsiębiorstwa


利用信息系統支持企業業務過程和實施供應鏈波蘭

摘要:在快速變化的環境中,企業越來越多地將在供應鏈,其主要任務是整合和協調配合的過程。此任務可僅通過適當的信息系統,特別是,資源規劃的執行,在各企業和供應鏈管理系統在整個網絡實體的電平的電平來實現。本文的目的是分析信息技術在資源規劃和供應鏈管理的利用率為小型,中型和大型企業在波蘭。該研究涉及以下兩個變量:為了傳送不同業務線(例如會計,銷售,生產)和公司的與信息有關的供應鏈管理的電子交換的數量之間的信息使用ERP軟件產品的公司的數目。這項研究涵蓋了2010-2012年期間
關鍵字:供應鏈,供應鏈管理系統,企業資源規劃

 
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