Polish Journal of Management Studies
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Abstracts > Vol 6

Chmielarz W.

Abstract: The main aim of this study is to analyse the development trends of project management with the focus on the management of IT projects. The initial parts of the work are devoted to the analysis of the concepts concerning project management and their relation to the management of processes. Next, the author defines the basic determinants of IT projects management. The subsequent part of this work concerns the evolution of the IT project life cycle in project management methodologies. In the final part of this study the author characterized modern project management methodologies and analyzed the trends in their development.

Keywords: Project management, process management, methodologies of IT project management, the evolution of project management methods


For In the classical form the term project management appears in two possible semantic ranges, with narrow and wide definitions.
In the narrow, practical sense “…it can be defined as a set of managerial activities related to the implementation of the projects and a set of principles, methods and means used in these operations…”[28]. “…Traditionally, project management is viewed as planning, scheduling and controlling of the project aiming at achieving its objectives…”[5] This represents de facto an integrated and unique collection of information and decision-making activities performed to achieve the required range of specific project goals, limited by available means, carried out according to specific methodologies applied with their assigned techniques used to realize specific tasks…”[6]. Integrated - because it must lead to achieving the objectives of the project. Unique - as it results from the uniqueness and distinctiveness of the project tasks. Here, methodology appears as a kind of tutorial, a collection of guidelines and rules for presenting what should be done at a given moment in the project, but not showing how it should be performed. Methodology is perceived as a system of tools, procedures, general techniques which allow the formalization of the project and answering the question of how to achieve the objectives of the project. Specific technique
clarifies the term methodology and refers to a set of tools, by means of which methodology is being implemented.

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The Therefore, more and more organizations which depend on the implementation of projects are interested in project management focusing in practice (simplifying the situation) mainly in parallel running of as many projects as possible. This allows the comparison of their characteristic features (schedules, costs, resources) realized for companies of different sizes, in many industries, in many locations. This allows for a multidimensional evaluation (including comparative, effectiveness etc. evaluation) of the ongoing projects and provides the project managers with the models of good management practice and the effectiveness assessment of particular organizational units running projects. Analyses of project implementation also provide evidence to share projects resources (including technology, know-how, etc.), calculating the time and competence of contractors and the valuation of products and services generated in the project. Management by projects is a management style which improves entrepreneurship and is a specific “golden mean” between the customers real needs (as determined by its specifity),  .....


Streszczenie: Celem niniejszej pracy jest analiza tendencji rozwojowych zarządzania projektami ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem zarządzania projektami IT. Pierwsza część pracy poświęcona jest analizom pojęć, związanych z zarządzaniem projektami i ich stosunku do zarządzania procesami. Następnie autor definiuje podstawowe determinanty zarządzania projektami IT. W dalszej części pracy poruszane jest zagadnienie ewolucji IT i cyklu życia projektu w metodologii zarządzania projektami. W końcowej części pracy autor charakteryzuje nowoczesne metody zarządzania projektami i analizy tendencji w ich rozwoju.

Słowa kluczowe
: zarządzanie projektem, zarządzanie procesem, metodologie zarządzania projektami IT, ewolucja metod zarządzania projektem


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