USE OF ENTERPRISE GROWTH THEORY IN MANAGEMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES - Polish Journal of Management Studies

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USE OF ENTERPRISE GROWTH THEORY IN MANAGEMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES

Abstracts > Vol 7

USE OF ENTERPRISE GROWTH THEORY IN MANAGEMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZED ENTERPRISES
 Brzeziński S., Stefańczyk P.

Abstract: Article presents a proposition of using quantified model defining a level of enterprise growth according to L. E. Greiners Enterprise Growth Stages Theory as an attempt of practical use of mentioned theory in Management Practice Discipline. This model defines critical areas of enterprise growth, defining their target condition in next stages of growth, which in turn allows to manage this process consciously.     

Key words:
enterprise
s development, L. E. Greiners Enterprise Growth Stages Theory, practical modeling of management theories, management practice

Introduction

There are many concepts of enterprise growth stages. Most of them are derived from a classical model of social systems growth cycle, according to
S curve, in which there are three basic phases:  emergence and growth, stability and dynamic balance and change or collapse and dissolution [1].

Even colloquial observation indicates that enterprises come into existence, develop, combine with other and terminate activity/died. This description is very similarly to living organisms functioning, due to it we have an impression that enterprises born, grow in favorable conditions and finally die like many other organisms. This analogy also applies to other aspects of life, in particular its phases which have different problems and solutions logistics.  Enterprise existence can be defining as succession of next stages of growth which have specific difference created by variety, internal and external forces. In this context, enterprises growth stages describe cycles of subsequent changes, sometimes with a pre-foundation conceptual phase, which enterprise has experienced from its foundation until its death, emphasizing relative instability of enterprise [2]. „ Among propositions that describe life cycles adopted to small and medium sized enterprises specific, it is possibile to distinguish V.Lewis and N. Churchills Small Business Growth model [3], M.Scott and R.Bruces model [4] or Short “S“ Curve Model [5]. Adizess PAEI model [6] where growth is presented as a change of dominant functions, which threaten existence of an organization, also largely applies to small enterprises.” [7]

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Summary

Article presents a proposition of quantified model, which indicates enterprise growth stages in accordance with L.E. Greiner
s Enterprise Growth Stages Theory as an attempt of practical application of theory in management practice. It affects on enterprise sustainable development and through an analysis improves efficiency of enterprise, synthesizing developmental problems identified in the model as critical.
Practical and effective modeling requires research work, which verify the model of a larger sample and provide information about necessary (critical) features and their typologization.

References


[1]. Jackson J.H., Morgan C.P., Organization Theory. A Macro Perspective for Management, Prentice Hall, 1982.
[2]. Koźmiński Z., Jemielniak D., Zarządzanie od podstaw, Wydawnictwa Akademickie i Profesjonalne, Warszawa 2008 p. 449
[3]. Churchil N., Lewis V., The five stages of small business growth, „Harvard Business Review”, May- June 1983.
[4]. Scott M., Bruce R., Five stages of growth in small business, „Long Range Planing” 1987, vol. 20, no. 3
[5]. Lachiewicz S., Firkowski M., Zdrajkowska H., Cykl życia małego przedsiębiorstwa, [w:] J. Lewandowski (red.), Zarządzanie organizacjami gospodarczymi w warunkach globalizacji, Wydawnictwo „Elipsa”, Łódź 2000, pp. 157-159
[6]. Adizes I., Corporate Lifecycles. How and Why Corporations Grow and What to Do About It, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs 1988.
[7]. Matejun M., Zewnętrzne bariery rozwoju w cyklu życia małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw, [w:] Kaleta A., Moszkowicz A. (red.), Zarządzanie strategiczne w praktyce i teorii, „Prace Naukowe UE we Wrocławiu”, no 116, Wrocław 2010, pp. 243-254.
[8]. Greiner L., Evolution and Revolution as Organizations Grow, „Harvard Business Review”, July- August 1990.
[9]. Jelonek D. Menedżer wobec problemu nadmiaru informacji. WYBRANE ASPEKTY PRACY KIEROWNICZEJ, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu 2011, p. 120.
[10]. Berezowska A., Krzysiak I., Cykl życia organizacji - etapy i zdarzenia, Wyższa Szkoła Zarzadzania i Prawa im. Heleny Chodkowskiej w Warszawie, p. 5.
[11]. Gościński J.W., Cykl życia organizacji, PWE, Warszawa 1989, pp. 23-26.
[12]. Sirko S. Funkcje zarządzania, Wydawnictwo Wyższej Szkoły Celnej, Warszawa 2002, p. 24.



WYKORZYSTANIE TEORII WZROSTU PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWA W ZARZĄDZANIU MAŁYMI I ŚREDNIMI PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWAMI

Streszczenie: W pracy przedstawiono propozycję kwantyfikacji modelu określającego poziom rozwoju przedsiębiorstwa zgodnie z teorią etapów rozwoju przedsiębiorstwa L.E.Greinera jako próby praktycznego wykorzystania teorii  w praktyce zarządczej. Model określa krytyczne dla rozwoju przedsiębiorstwa obszary działalności definiując ich docelowy stan w kolejnych etapach rozwojowych, co w konsekwencji pozwala na objęcie ich procesem świadomego zarzadzania.

Słowa kluczowe:
rozwój przedsiębiorstwa, teoria rozwoju przedsiębiorstwa, praktyka zarządcza.


 
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